The separatist movement poses no existential threat to Senegal – one of Africa’s more stable democracies – but it remains a reputational blemish and has hamstrung economic growth. If successful, the April 30 agreement will provide an opening for the Senegalese government to redevelop the Casamance economy, integrate the region into national politics, and – hopefully – to redirect more of its formidable military resources towards peacekeeping efforts in West Africa.
Atlantic Council's J. Peter Pham Tells Congress a Broader Nigerian and International Response is Needed
Nigeria's Boko Haram militant movement has grown increasingly virulent since 2009, a change visible in the group's capacity, tactics and ideology, according to J. Peter Pham, director of the Africa Center at the Atlantic Council.
Pham testified before the House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations on June 11, nearly two months after Boko Haram's brazen abduction of nearly 300 schoolgirls from the northeastern Nigerian town of Chibok.
If one country has benefited from American and European neglected of Africa over the past decade or so, it has been China. In the absence of significant American and European investment on the African continent, particularly below the Sahara, China's trade with the area increased, between 2001 and 2011, from $20 billion to $120 billion.