Atlantic Council

EgyptSource

Of Egypt’s many state institutions, the judiciary has had a significant effect on—and was most affected by—the Egyptian revolution. Over the last three years, the Egyptian judiciary’s rulings and decisions has played an influential role in Egypt’s trajectory, prompting some to say that it was driving the transition. At the same time, the judiciary has been influenced by the conflicts and political polarization in the wake of the revolution.

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A student has died in hospital after being injured last week in clashes with police at Alexandria University. Omar Sherif is the first fatality in clashes that have rocked Egyptian universities since the beginning of term on October 11.

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Army major general Khaled Abdel-Sallam al-Sadr will begin his new job as secretary-general of Egypt's House of Representatives – the lower house of parliament – this week, becoming the first man from military ranks to hold this post.

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Catch up on the latest out of Egypt every week, with analysis, news updates, photos, videos, and more.

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At least 195 university students were arrested across Egypt in the first week of the new semester, according to reports released by the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE).

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Last October, the Obama administration announced it was holding back four large-scale weapons systems purchased for Egypt, including 125 M1-A1 battle tank kits, twenty F-16 fighter jets, twenty Harpoon cruise missiles, and ten Apache attack helicopters.  It made their delivery contingent upon “credible progress toward an inclusive, democratically elected civilian government through free and fair elections.”  This was a significant move, the first time a US administration had ever suspended any of the annual $1.3 billion military aid package.  The administration lifted its hold on the Apaches, which are now on their way to Egypt, but the other weapons remain in storage in the United States, more than a year later.  

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News agency Associated Press (AP), reported on Wednesday the involvement of Egyptian aircraft in the bombing of Islamist militias in Libya’s second city, Benghazi. However, Egypt’s presidential spokesperson denied the claims.

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Egypt’s new academic year has begun amid heightened tension between students and the authorities. With protests taking place at most public universities throughout Egypt, at least 127 students were arrested in the first three days.

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A strong blast hit a busy district in central Cairo on Tuesday night, leaving thirteen injured, three of whom are in critical condition. A senior security official said the explosion was caused by a homemade bomb placed in the vicinity of a court house. 

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The previous article reviewed the likely reactions of two of the Arab states which neighbor Libya—Algeria and Tunisia—should a joint Arab intervention be proposed in order to put an end to the worsening crisis in Tripoli. Of the Arab states neighboring Libya, Sudan is the only one whose predicted reaction to a joint Arab intervention in Libya remains to be analyzed.

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