Atlantic Council

EgyptSource

Taking an in-depth look at what role Egypt can play in the current crisis in Libya reveals that a full military intervention, a limited military incursion, or a ‘surgical operation,’ are wrought with negative repercussions. But what of a collective Arab or international military intervention?  What of an indirect intervention to provide intelligence or logistical assistance to a particular party within Libya?

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A Cairo criminal court has ordered prominent activists Alaa Abdel-Fattah, Mohamed Abdel-Rahman (Nubi), and Wael Metwally released on EGP5,000 bail each.

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The recent release of two Muslim Brotherhood figures from prison in Egypt, the first since the army’s removal of former President, Mohamed Morsi, fourteen months ago, increased speculation that secret reconciliation talks were taking place between the two sides. While any negotiations were firmly denied in official statements by the government and the Muslim Brotherhood, the rumors have led to a division in the ranks of the country’s largest political group, and the Brotherhood-led National Alliance to Support Legitimacy (NASL).

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Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said on Thursday that it is not logical to mobilize international resources to fight the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) when Egypt is prevented from accessing these resources while fighting a similar enemy internally.

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Today, all TV journalists working in Egypt know that tasreeh—a monthly-renewable permit issued by the interior ministry for accredited journalists to film on the streets—is back. In the wake of the January 25 Revolution, it had disappeared from the bureaucracy, but now police are once again preventing journalists from filming without permission. While some, myself included, have managed to talk their way out of the resulting problems as we discovered the reintroduced regulation this summer, others haven’t been so lucky. Footage filmed by a France24 team was erased by police while working on a story on subsidies in July.

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Residents in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula said on Wednesday they found a beheaded corpse bearing a note signed by an Islamist militant group, Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, linked to the Syria and Iraq-based Islamic State in Syria and al-Sham (ISIS), accusing the victim of being an Israeli spy.

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As was discussed in the first part of this article, Cairo has several choices to consider when determining how to deal with the Libyan crisis, which continues to deteriorate on Egypt’s western border.  Among the options available to Cairo are: direct military intervention, either unilaterally or jointly with other parties; indirect military intervention, either unilaterally or jointly with other parties; or sufficing with preventive measures which do not consist of direct intervention.

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State Department Counselor Thomas Shannon arrived in Cairo on Wednesday morning, ahead of talks hosted by Saudi Arabia to discuss means of combating extremist groups within the region.

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Three years of political turmoil since the 2011 uprising in Egypt have crippled economic growth, reduced productivity, and led to rising poverty and inequality rates. Although it will take both structural and institutional economic reforms to effectively address this challenging mix of socioeconomic grievances and to increase growth, the country must implement an economic plan oriented toward both short- and long-term stabilization.

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The Cairo Criminal Court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed al-Beltagy and Islamist preacher Safwat Hegazy to twenty years in prison. They received ten years in a maximum security prison for the alleged torture of two policemen during the Raba’a al-Adaweya sit-in, and another ten years each on charges of joining and managing an illegal organization.

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