This article is part of a series that reflects on the first year of the Trump administration.In the first year of his administration, US President Donald J. Trump pursued what he called an “America First” energy strategy, seeking to maximize domestic production of oil and gas resources by rolling back regulations, lifting restrictions, and opening additional land up for development.
What was US policy prior to Trump? In the closing days of his administration, former US President Barack Obama announced what was intended to be a permanent ban on offshore oil and gas drilling in the Arctic. Given the fragility of Arctic ecosystems and the operational risks of drilling in such a harsh environment, he withdrew the Chukchi Sea and most of the Beaufort Sea from oil and gas leasing, exploration, and development.
This article is part of a series that reflects on the first year of the Trump administration.Despite the fanfare surrounding US President Donald J. Trump’s June 1, 2017, announcement that he was pulling the United States out of the Paris Agreement there is a drawn-out legal process for withdrawing from the pact.
What was US policy prior to Trump? In 2015, heads of state from around the world gathered in Paris to finalize a non-binding, bottom-up climate change accord, the Paris Agreement. The agreement, which entered into force in 2016, now includes every country in the world, and is most notable for being the first climate pact to require all countries—including major emerging economies such as China and India—to monitor and report their greenhouse gas emissions levels, and to put forth plans for reducing these emissions. Targets and reporting are mandated, but compliance with these targets—as well as the policies put in place to achieve them—is not legally binding.