Kingdom at a Crossroads: Analysis

  • Phillip Cornell on Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund

    Phillip Cornell, nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Global Energy Center, discusses Saudi Vision 2030’s drive for investment through the Public Investment Fund, and the prospects for a public listing of Saudi Aramco.


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  • Fred Kempe on Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

    Atlantic Council President and CEO Fred Kempe discusses Saudi Crown Princes Mohammed bin Salman’s March 2018 visit to the United States.

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  • The Hon. Ellen Tauscher on Saudi Arabia’s Investment Goals and Civil Nuclear Ambitions



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  • The Saudi Public Investment Fund: The Emerging Financial Vehicle Behind Vision 2030

    The $230 billion Public Investment Fund (PIF) is emerging as the central financial vehicle to consolidate and then exercise Saudi Arabian economic power in the service of goals outlined by the crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman (MbS). Its role in Saudi economic diversification makes the PIF the critical organ for realizing Vision 2030, and its newfound prominence at the expense of traditional economic power centers (like SAMA, the central bank) highlights the consolidation of authority under MbS.

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  • Here’s What Happened During the Saudi Crown Prince’s International Debut

    Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s visit to the United States, following on the heels of his trips to the United Kingdom and Egypt, marks his debut on the international stage as the king-in-waiting of a country he could rule for decades.

    In the United Kingdom and now in the United States, the crown prince, popularly known as MbS, has capitalized on an opportunity to try and reassure international investors that Saudi Arabia is a safe place for business in the wake of anti-corruption crackdown in November 2017 that created unease among international investors.

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  • A Renewed Foresight in Middle Eastern Diplomacy: India’s Role at the Table

    Recent aviation agreements connecting Saudi Arabia, India, and Israel signal potential openness toward improving relations in light of growing geopolitical and security concerns.

    Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on March 7 that Saudi Arabia granted permission to Air India to use Saudi airspace for direct flights from Delhi to Tel Aviv, affirming allegations leaked in Israeli press in February. Direct flights from Delhi to Tel Aviv over Saudi airspace will begin March 22. Thus far, Saudi officials have remained mum.

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  • The War in Yemen: No End in Sight

    US President Donald J. Trump and Saudi Crown Prince Mohamed bin Salman’s shared animosity toward Iran is apparently getting in the way of ending the war in Yemen that has claimed the lives of thousands of civilians and put millions more on the brink of starvation.

    While Yemen was very much on the agenda when Trump met the crown prince at the White House in Washington on March 20, there was scarce mention following their meeting of any productive effort to end the war in that country.

    “I just don’t see between these two men in charge that they’re going to be able to do the right thing [in Yemen,] which is to put diplomacy first,” said Nabeel Khoury, a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council’s Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East.

    “Saudi Arabia and the United States, the two big powers that can actually make things happen in Yemen, are looking past Yemen,” he added.

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  • Charai in Gatestone Institute: What the Saudi Prince's Visit Really Means


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  • Seznec Quoted in TIME on Energy Reform in Saudi Arabia


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  • Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030: Key Electric Power Decisions Ahead

    Bilateral and global energy issues are front and center as the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Mohammed bin Salman, arrives in the United States. While the biggest focus might be on Saudi Arabia’s vital role as the world’s largest crude oil exporter and the impact that growing US oil production and market influence are having on Saudi leadership and OPEC, the energy implications of the crown prince’s Vision 2030 for the modernization and diversification of the Saudi economy and opportunities for US commercial involvement are also critical. 

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