Issue Briefs

China as Employer and Consumer: Economic Outlook for the 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-2010)

Economic growth in China is underpinned by very powerful structural factors that will remain in place for many years. These factors suggest that China will be able to sustain a high rate of growth in output and job creation during the period when the population of working age is at its peak (2005-2015), and that improved education will generate significant productivity gains when the working-age population declines and the potential for growth from sheer accumulation of labor wanes. Economic policy has generally been supportive of growth, and incremental progress is visible in many areas of concern.

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China as Consumer

This article seeks to examine two key issues that will be major drivers of consumption in China over the coming five years: urbanization and environmental amelioration. Whether the issues identified will be the largest factors over this time frame remains unclear, but each of these two areas warrants considerable attention as a very significant contributor to the future of consumer demand in China.

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china_manufacturing.jpg

Beginning with the start of reform in the late 1970s, China’s industry has recorded impressive growth of output, labor productivity, and exports as well as dramatic upgrading of the quality and variety of output. These gains have occurred in spite of difficulties arising from lethargic state enterprises, inadequate corporate governance, excessive official intervention, corruption, and weak financial institutions.

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Hu Jintao

This paper addresses the challenges facing China’s surging economy.  As the country’s economy grows and becomes more open to the world market, it is also emerging as a greater force in the world economy. Furthermore, the party/state has (so far) been remarkably effective in adapting both to the governmental challenges of providing more regularized and institutionalized procedures for managing its own affairs as well as to the challenges of a rapidly privatizing market economy.

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This paper makes suggestions for the process of NATO force transformation and strategy development. The authors explain that in order to achieve successful future force transformation, NATO must focus on integrating information systems, deploying further precision weapons and creating a spearhead force as a catalyst for transformation. The paper states that the alliance must also measure results by the ability to perform a full range of missions beyond Europe's borders.

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This paper examines the factors that make peace enforcement politically and operationally complicated and undermine the will, the resources and the parliamentary consensus to undertake missions of peace enforcement. The author outlines two phases of the peace-enforcement process: one is a combat phase, the application of armed force to suppress hostilities. Phase two, presumptively a far harder, longer and more complex undertaking, is to try to rectify the causes of the violence, to provide a stable administration of the area and bring about some degree of economic and social recovery.

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From defense to deterrence, then détente and cooperation, analysts have tracked the evolution of NATO through the second half of the 20th century. Now in the aftermath of the Balkan crises, the international community is confronted with the inevitability—and perhaps necessity—of further modification to the structure and responsibilities of NATO. These uncertainties are explored by an experienced and clear-headed analyst assessing the possibilities for the state of NATO in 2010.

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