The global transformation of the electric power sector will be one of the key factors determining the success of the 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change in curbing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Since the International Energy Agency projects that almost 90 percent of world growth in electricity generation in 2014-2040 will occur in developing and non-OECD countries, increasing investment in clean energy and changing the electricity mix in these countries are of critical importance. China’s role will be central, accounting for an estimated one-third of future electricity growth in the non-OECD countries.

Transforming the power sector in developing countries: The critical role of China in post-Paris implementation by Robert F. Ichord Jr. is the second in the Atlantic Council series Transforming the Power Sector in Developing Countries, which analyzes key countries within a “meta” strategic framework.