On June 20, the Atlantic Council’s Adrienne Arsht Latin America Center and its Eurasia Center co-hosted a public event to discuss the extent of Russian involvement in Venezuela, Moscow’s motivations and possible next moves, and how the United States should react. As a wave of international and domestic support for a democratic transition is sweeping Venezuela, Moscow continues to support Nicolás Maduro. Displays of military force, Rosneft’s 49.9 percent collateral of Venezuela-owned CITGO refiner, and billions in loans to the Maduro regime showcase Russia’s rooted geopolitical and economic interests in Venezuela and the hemisphere.

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