OBJECTIVE

The Nuclear Energy and National Security Coalition (NENSC) is an organization under the aegis of the Atlantic Council Global Energy Center. This organization will build on the work of the Atlantic Council Global Energy Center’s task force report, entitled “US Nuclear Energy Leadership: Innovation and the Strategic Global Challenge,” on nuclear energy and national security. The organization’s mission is to bring wider attention to the task force report’s policy recommendations, continue the momentum generated by the report’s launch on the Hill, address other relevant policy issues as they arrive, support the related work of like-minded organizations, and serve as a clearing house for information and analysis on the topic.

Additionally, the Coalition will support programming at the Global Energy Center and other venues on the intersections between nuclear energy and national security, in order to increase awareness and interest regarding these issues. Furthermore, it will continue to convene the leading thought leaders in nuclear energy policy and leverage their expertise for writing and speaking engagements at home and abroad. This initiative will draw upon bipartisan support for nuclear energy, as well as on the Trump administration’s commitment to preserving domestic nuclear power. Coalition co-chairs, advisory board, and participants will include high-level participants from government—including national security and regulatory leaders—industry, and academia.

BACKGROUND

Nuclear energy is at a turning point. Globally, increasing demand for low-carbon electricity sources and diverse generation portfolios have made nuclear energy an attractive and reliable baseload power source. New nuclear energy stakeholders, including China, an increasingly recognized technological leader, and emerging players like the UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey are pursuing robust nuclear energy programs to improve energy security, meet environmental goals, and demonstrate international leadership. Meanwhile, nuclear power development in the United States has flatlined. Even as nuclear provides twenty percent of total US electricity supply and nearly sixty percent of carbon-free electricity, numerous plants have closed or are planning to close. Additionally, US leadership in the front end of the fuel cycle has been steadily declining. Domestic uranium mining has dropped 93 percent since 1980, and the United States lacks domestic enrichment capacity for national security purposes for the first time since the Roosevelt era.

If the United States does not address and overcome the challenges facing the industry at home, it will find itself ceding competitiveness abroad, falling behind in developing and commercializing new technologies and maintaining and updating the fuel cycle to countries that approach nuclear technology development and deployment more strategically. This could result in countries looking to China, rather than the United States, for new nuclear technology, undermining US leadership in technology and innovation, safety and nonproliferation, and emissions reductions. Ceding leadership could imperil many important national security, economic leadership, and climate goals, as well as potentially dilute the global nonproliferation regime the United States constructed and upholds, risking the abuse of peaceful nuclear programs.

In light of these imperatives and challenges, the Atlantic Council Global Energy Center’s Nuclear Task Force Report has made a number of recommendations to the federal government, which the Coalition will use to shape the conversation regarding nuclear energy and national security. The recommendations are:

  1. Maintain the current nuclear fleet by strengthening the US civilian nuclear power industry—as well as its supply chain and research base;
  2. Create a conducive environment for new nuclear technologies, especially by streamlining the review and licensing process for new advanced reactors, increasing US government funding for advanced nuclear research and development, and supporting domestic uranium production;
  3. Encourage and facilitate nuclear energy exports by providing competitive financial support, reforming the 10 CFR part 810 and Section 123 agreement process, and building an international nuclear cooperation and market development program.

For more on US nuclear energy leadership, read the report

Mon, May 20, 2019

US nuclear energy leadership: Innovation and the strategic global challenge

A flourishing domestic nuclear energy sector is critical to US national security, both in the interconnections between military and civilian uses of nuclear energy, as well as in foreign policy.

Report by Atlantic Council Task Force on US Nuclear Energy Leadership

Nuclear Energy United States and Canada

Featured NENSC content

NENSC co-chairs

Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.
Executive Chairman of the Board, Lightbridge Corporation

Ambassador Graham became a director of Lightbridge on April 2, 2006, and chairman of the board on April 4, 2006. Ambassador Graham served as a member of the board of directors of Thorium Power, Inc., from 1997 until the merger with the Lightbridge. He is one of the world’s leading experts on nuclear non-proliferation and has served as a senior US diplomat involved in the negotiation of every major international arms control and non-proliferation agreement involving the United States during the period from 1970 to 1997, including the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (the Interim Agreement on Strategic Offensive Arms, the Anti- Ballistic Missile Treaty, and the Salt II Treaty), the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (the Start I Treaty and the Start II Treaty), the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty Extension, the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty, and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. In 1993, Ambassador Graham served as the acting director of the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and for seven months in 1994 served as the acting deputy director. From 1994 through 1997, he served as the special representative of the president of the United States for arms control, non-proliferation, and disarmament with the rank of ambassador, and in this capacity successfully led US government efforts to achieve the permanent extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1995. He also served for fifteen years as the general counsel of ACDA.

Ambassador Graham worked on the negotiation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention. He drafted the implementing legislation for the Biological Weapons Convention and managed the Senate approval of the ratification of the Geneva Protocol banning the use in war of chemical and biological weapons. Ambassador Graham served as a member of the International Advisory Board for the nuclear program of the United Arab Emirates from 2009 through its termination in October 2017. He is also chairman of the board of CanAlaska Uranium Ltd. of Vancouver, Canada, a uranium exploration company.

Ambassador Graham received an AB in 1955 from Princeton University and a JD in 1961 from Harvard Law School. He is a member of the Kentucky, the District of Columbia and the New York Bar Associations and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He chaired the Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament of the American Bar Association from 1986 to 1994. He has published numerous non-fiction books, including The Alternate Route: Nuclear Weapon Free Zones and Seeing the Light, the Case for Nuclear Power in the 21st Century in 2017 and Unending Crisis in 2012.

Admiral Richard Mies, USN (Ret.)
President and CEO, The Mies Group, Ltd.

Admiral Richard Mies is the president and CEO of The Mies Group, Ltd. and provides strategic planning and risk assessment advice on international security, energy, and defense issues. A distinguished graduate of the Naval Academy, he completed a thirty-five-year career as a nuclear submariner and commanded US Strategic Command prior to retirement.

Admiral Mies served as a senior vice president of science applications international corporation and as the chief executive officer of Hicks and Associates, Inc, a subsidiary of SAIC from 2002 to 2007. He served as the chairman of the Department of Defense Threat Reduction Advisory Committee from 2004 to 2010 and as the chairman of the boards of the Navy Mutual Aid Association from 2003 to 2011 and the Naval Submarine League from 2007 to 2016. He presently serves as the chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group of US Strategic Command and is a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences, the board of governors of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and the board of directors of BWX Technologies, Exelon, the US Naval Academy Foundation and the US Naval Institute. He also serves on numerous advisory boards.

Admiral Mies completed post-graduate education at Oxford University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Harvard University. He holds a master’s degree in government administration and international relations.

NENSC members

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