Issue Briefs

Atlantic Council Board Director Odeh Aburdene says in this issue brief that thanks to hydraulic fracturing and deep water technology, oil and gas extracted from rock shale formations will increase dramatically in the next ten years in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Argentina, and South Africa. By the end of 2020, it is expected that the Western Hemisphere will import very little from the Middle East.

Arab oil producers will nonetheless continue to play a pivotal role in the world energy supply. Emerging markets are currently consuming 50 percent of the world energy, compared with 30 percent ten years ago. It is expected that world energy consumption in the next twenty years will increase by 30 percent.

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As the United States and European Union begin negotiations in earnest to establish a robust Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, C. Boyden Gray argues in a new Atlantic Council issue brief that the two sides should seek the most comprehensive agreement possible. Given the relative weakness of the recovery in the aftermath of the financial crisis, opening trade and establishing common regulatory standards provides both Europe and the United States with a viable path towards strong, sustainable economic growth. 

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The Obama administration is sending mixed messages about the role that Congress should play in creating policies that would prevent the possibility of a catastrophic cyber attack, according to a new issue brief released by the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security

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The Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East and the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security are pleased to release a new issue brief, "The United States and the Gulf States: Uncertain Partners in a Changing Region." Senior Fellow Richard LeBaron evaluates the relationship between the United States and the Gulf states as they face democratic transitions in the Arab world as well as security challenges in the Gulf.

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The Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East is pleased to release a new issue brief, "Jordan's Electoral Environment and Prospects for Change." Deputy director Danya Greenfield evaluates the current political climate in Jordan ahead of parliamentary elections on January 23rd, and offers insight as to why elections will not ameliorate the growing political and economic frustration among its citizens.
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In this issue brief Martin Murphy and Lee Willett make the case for deepening naval cooperation among the so-called “Five Eyes” countries of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

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The Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East is pleased to release a new issue brief, "Lessons from Constitution-Making in Tunisia," authored by non-resident fellow Duncan Pickard who examines the challenges and lessons learned from the country's constitution-writing process
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Conventional arms control in Europe remains relevant more than two decades after the singing of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE).

This brief by Scowcroft Center Senior Fellow Isabelle Francois argues that today, the CFE could serve as a useful vehicle for collaboration with Russia on a broad range of security issues, and productive movement forward would also do much to reassure and secure smaller NATO allies and regional partners.
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For the Smarter Alliance Initiative, Tom Parkhouse, senior fellow with the Cyber Statecraft Initiative of the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security, and Leendert van Bochoven emphasize in “An Agenda for NATO-EU-Private Sector Cyber Collaboration,” that a secure cyber environment will encourage investment in the Euro-Atlantic area, increase competitiveness of Euro-Atlantic business, and promote export of Euro-Atlantic cyber security products
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In “Strategic Cyber Early Warning: A Phased Adaptive Approach for NATO," a paper from the Smarter Alliance Initiative, Jason Healey, director of the Atlantic Council’s Cyber Statecraft Initiative, and Leendert van Bochoven, NATO and European Defense leader at IBM, formulate steps for NATO to improve its cyber warning system

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