Issue Briefs

This paper examines the factors that make peace enforcement politically and operationally complicated and undermine the will, the resources and the parliamentary consensus to undertake missions of peace enforcement. The author outlines two phases of the peace-enforcement process: one is a combat phase, the application of armed force to suppress hostilities. Phase two, presumptively a far harder, longer and more complex undertaking, is to try to rectify the causes of the violence, to provide a stable administration of the area and bring about some degree of economic and social recovery.

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From defense to deterrence, then détente and cooperation, analysts have tracked the evolution of NATO through the second half of the 20th century. Now in the aftermath of the Balkan crises, the international community is confronted with the inevitability—and perhaps necessity—of further modification to the structure and responsibilities of NATO. These uncertainties are explored by an experienced and clear-headed analyst assessing the possibilities for the state of NATO in 2010.

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