Cryptocurrency Regulation Tracker


Since its birth in 2008, cryptocurrency has grown in popularity and become an important part of the global financial system. Cryptocurrencies may significantly alter financial structures as they exist today and transform the next generation of money and payments. However, these changes come with significant concerns around cryptocurrencies for their potential negative impacts on markets, investors, users, and the environment. Governments around the world are looking to create regulations to prevent these harms while encouraging the innovative capabilities of cryptocurrencies. 

We look at 60 countries—including G20 member states, plus countries with the highest rates of cryptocurrency adoption. This new research categorizes and explains how the world’s largest economies and those with high rates of cryptocurrency activity are regulating cryptocurrencies within their jurisdictions.

60 countries

We analyze how 60 countries have regulated crypto-assets in their jurisdictions. For each country, the regulated actors can be cryptocurrency issuers, cryptocurrency exchanges, traditional financial institutions, service providers, or miners.

Legal status

Each country is assigned one of the following regulatory statuses: legal (where all activities are permitted), partial ban (where one or more activity is not permitted), and general ban (where all activity is limited).

Regulatory categories

Countries regulate actors in the crypto sector using tax policy, requirements to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, consumer protection rules, and licensing and disclosure obligations. The map below considers these four categories of regulation.

Click on a country to see status and “see more” to view further details.

Last updated: July 2024

Key findings

Among the 60 countries we studied, cryptocurrency is legal in 33, partially banned in 17, and generally banned in 10. In twelve G20 countries, representing over 57% of the world’s GDP, cryptocurrencies are fully legal. Regulation is under consideration in all G20 countries.

Cryptocurrency adoption rates are weakly correlated with regulatory restrictiveness. Even for countries with partial or general bans in place, adoption rates remain high, suggesting that bans are generally ineffective.

2024 is a critical year for crypto-asset regulation. Australia, the UK, Brazil, and South Korea have announced they will be releasing new regulations this year. Of the countries reviewed, 70% are in the process of making substantial changes to their regulatory framework.

Stablecoins, which are usually backed by a fiat currency, are the next frontier of cryptocurrency regulation. With the implementation of the Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation (MiCA) in the EU, half of the G7 countries have stablecoin regulations in place.

Both emerging-market and advanced economies still lag on comprehensive regulation and oversight. Only 19 of the 60 countries studied have regulations for taxation, AML/CFT, consumer protection, and licensing. 13% of the emerging market countries studied have all the above regulations.

Over 90 percent of the countries analyzed have active central bank digital currency (CBDC) projects, indicating that countries adapt and update cryptocurrency regulations simultaneously as they explore CBDCs.

Spotlight on stablecoin regulation

Many jurisdictions in the world are in the process of rolling out regulations for stablecoins, which are fiat-backed tokens. 99% of all stablecoins are pegged to the dollar. Click below to compare where the United States stands in comparison to the UK, EU and Japan, the latter two of which have already begun regulating stablecoins.

Click on each country’s card to view more details.

The role of global governance institutions

Standard setting bodies play an important role in creating governance and industry standards in addition to promoting global cooperation on crypto-asset regulation.

Click on the legend to see details. Hover and click on a card to view more details.


Research team: Ananya Kumar, Alisha Chhangani, Leila Hamilton, and Gustavo Romero

Development team: Frank Ngoga and Christophe de Jonge

Cryptocurrency adoption rates are from Chainalysis’ “Geography of Cryptocurrency 2023” report.

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