EgyptSource

The end of 2015 saw the completion of a new round of negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam project (GERD), with all participating countries reaching an agreement on the technical studies to be completed on the dam. As Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan start a fresh round of talks, EgyptSource takes a look back at negotiations and what's at stake for each country. 

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Egypt's Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said Monday in an interview with Foreign Policy that the circulated figure of 40,000 political prisoners in Egypt is a lie. Shoukry--in Washington since Sunday for a three-day visit--dismissed criticism of arrests made by Egyptian security forces following Morsi's ouster, saying the figure was repeatedly reported until it became regarded as a fact.

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Egypt's Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry began a three-day trip to Washington on Sunday, where he is set to meet with his American counterpart, US Secretary of State John Kerry, Egypt's Foreign Ministry spokesman said. Shoukry’s visit targets bolstering bilateral ties and will include important meetings, Spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid added in a statement.

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Circumstances surrounding the death of an Italian national in Egypt remain vague, two days after his body was discovered on the outskirts of Cairo. Egyptian Public Prosecutor Ahmed Nagi told AP that Giulio Regeni was found dead on Wednesday in an empty lot in the 6th of October suburb. His body was transferred to Cairo’s Zeinhom Morgue, where he was identified by his Egyptian roommate. Regeni was completing his PhD at Cambridge University, and was a visiting scholar at the American University in Cairo. He had been in Cairo for four months, where he was conducting research on Egypt's independent labor and trade unions. 

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Egypt's top prosecutor ordered the immediate reopening of Matariya Hospital on Thursday so that medical care can resume after doctors launched a strike over an assault by a group of policemen last week.

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On assuming office in June 2014, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi committed to revive the Egyptian economy, which had been in the doldrums for the past several years, and set it on a path of sustained high growth and low unemployment. To achieve this objective he identified a mixture of populist and traditional free-market policies to address the challenges of massive youth unemployment, high internal and external debt, low foreign exchange reserves, and a serious energy crisis.

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Egyptian officials released conflicting reports as to the cause of Italian PhD candidate Giulio Regeni's death on Thursday, days after the Italian government announced it was growing increasingly concerned about his disappearance.

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It has been almost five years since the head of the Mubarak regime, Hosni Mubarak himself, was removed from office—a moment many heralded as the end of the Egyptian state regime. Today, a new political reality exists. Is it appropriate  to speak of a new, singular, cohesive, Egyptian regime? Or is the picture actually far more disparate, with power far more dispersed?

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Violations against the press and media personnel in Egypt doubled over the second half of 2015 compared to the first half, according to the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE).

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Egypt's President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said Monday that he does not mind criticism, stressing that it is his job to placate disgruntled youth, a day after a cartoonist was arrested for what critics suggest was retaliation for caricatures mocking the former army chief. “I’m not upset at Gawish or anyone … No one can speak on my behalf and say that I get upset from criticism,” Sisi said in a phone interview. “If I accept being in such a position, I must bear all the consequences. There is no such thing as all people agreeing on something.”

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