Content

Issue Brief

Aug 8, 2022

Sweden and Finland are on their way to NATO membership. Here’s what needs to happen next.

By John R. Deni

In response to Russia's unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, Finland and Sweden took the historic step of applying to join NATO. Both nations will bring modern capabilities that will help defend against malign actors. As Finland and Sweden's membership is forthcoming, Alliance leaders, NATO watchers, and transatlantic security experts need to consider how to fully integrate the new allies, include them in operational plans, and best enhance defense of a longer border with Russia.

Europe & Eurasia National Security

Issue Brief

Aug 2, 2022

Space traffic management: Time for action

By Mir Sadat, Julia Siegel

Mir Sadat and Julia Siegel highlight challenges to and opportunities for addressing space traffic management in this Forward Defense issue brief.

China National Security

Issue Brief

Aug 2, 2022

Behind the rise of ransomware

By John Sakellariadis

Between 2016 and 2019, cybercriminals shifted from automated ransomware campaigns that emphasized scale to targeted extortion operations against organizations. This adaption made ransomware more disruptive and more profitable, culminating in the 2021 surge in ransomware. Though the US government has devoted more attention to ransomware since 2021, ransomware remains a significant and long-term threat to the US economy.

Cybersecurity
data, public, ethical

Issue Brief

Jul 28, 2022

Principles to practice: Using ethical spectrums to guide decision-making

By Steven Tiell and Lara Pesce Ares

There is widespread awareness among researchers, companies, policy makers, and the public that the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and big data raises challenges involving justice, privacy, autonomy, transparency, and accountability.

Digital Policy Future of Work

Report

Jul 28, 2022

Cooperation with China: Challenges and opportunities

By Michael Schuman, David O. Shullman

Cooperation with China should focus on areas where our interests still align and where we can keep Beijing grounded in the international system. Like-minded allies and partners must pair such efforts with commitments to defend against China’s violations of international norms, impose costs on irresponsible behavior, and strengthen themselves and current global institutions to compete effectively and uphold liberal values.

China Economy & Business

Report

Jul 25, 2022

Cybersecure the future: Ransomware

By Trent Teyema, Kiran S. Jivnani, David Bray

This report endeavors to examine key challenges in predicting, safeguarding against, and dealing with ransomware attacks, thereby better informing US and international policy to combat such attacks and their perpetrators.

Cybersecurity Technology & Innovation

Issue Brief

Jul 25, 2022

Hackers, Hoodies, and Helmets: Technology and the changing face of Russian private military contractors

By Emma Schroeder, Gavin Wilde, Justin Sherman, and Trey Herr

Table of contents Introduction PMCs in Russian international security strategy and the influence of technology Training military forces abroadResource securityCombat missionsPolitical warfare Accessing offensive cyber and information technologies in the PMC community Where do PMCs go from here? About the authors Introduction The first time Russia invaded Ukraine in the twenty-first century, the Wagner Group […]

Africa Cybersecurity

In-Depth Research & Reports

Jul 12, 2022

Shifting priorities: The US and the Middle East in a multipolar world

By Jonathan Panikoff

Middle Eastern leaders view the bipartisan progression of US disengagement across the region as an abandonment of its allies and security commitments. However, in Washington’s view, deprioritizing the Middle East is not the same as declining to prioritize it.

Democratic Transitions Middle East

In-Depth Research & Reports

Jul 12, 2022

Evolving MENA power balances: What is next for US engagement in the region?

By Karim Mezran, Valeria Talbot, Jonathan Panikoff, Sanam Vakil, Maha Yahya, Mark N. Katz, Gangzheng She, and Julien Barnes-Dacey

US President Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s upcoming visit to the Middle East provides an opportunity to assess what role the United States will play in the Middle East and North Africa in the future. With the war in Ukraine further diverting US attention from the region, the big question is whether the region is entering a ‘post-US’ era.

Energy & Environment Middle East

In-Depth Research & Reports

Jul 12, 2022

Risk or opportunity? How Russia sees a changing MENA region

By Mark N. Katz

Putin has assiduously courted all the United States’ traditional allies in the MENA region. However, if the war in Ukraine continues to go badly for Moscow, it is possible that Russian influence in the region will decline even if that of the West does not increase.

Conflict Economic Sanctions