A transatlantic charter on Afghanistan

Supporting peace, security, and sovereignty in Afghanistan

Supporting peace, security, and sovereignty in Afghanistan The participants of the Atlantic Council / Rockefeller Brothers Fund Strategic Dialogues have been working for the past eight months to develop a long-term strategic outlook to promote stability in Afghanistan consistent with Afghan, US, and European interests and values. This group of distinguished European, American, and Afghan diplomats, military officers, scholars, and analysts brought to our deliberations a deep understanding of the context both on the ground and among the allies. We explored a diplomatic-security framework based on the minimal conditions and variables necessary to realize a long-term vision of a sovereign, unified, democratic, peaceful, and prosperous Afghanistan and generated recommendations to support this vision.

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Upcoming events & strategic dialogues

Understanding Russian and Iranian perspectives on the Afghan peace process

Join the Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center, Eurasia Center, and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty on Thursday, May 13 at 10:00 AM EST for a conversation about Russian and Iranian perspectives on the Afghan peace process.

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Developing a long-term transatlantic framework for peace and security in Afghanistan

Between fall 2020 and summer 2021, the Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center will host a set off private, high-level strategic dialogues to develop and advocate for a longer-term strategic outlook for ensuring stability in Afghanistan as well as maintaining US and European counter-terrorism interests. This effort will look beyond the US elections, recognizing that a political consensus is emerging to support a drawdown in US security commitments, but no such consensus exists on the long-term relationship with Afghanistan.

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Flagship report

Illicit Networks-Zaranj

Wed, Jul 15, 2020

Strategies for reforming Afghanistan’s illicit networks

Authored in-house and advised upon by senior fellows Ambassador James B. Cunningham, Ambassador Omar Samad, Marika Theros, Javid Ahmad, and Fatemeh Aman, this report explores illicit networks in Afghanistan in the context of peacebuilding, democratic consolidation, and enhancing state capacity. It concludes by outlining several specific policy recommendations that will be necessary to combat the illicit networks in a manner that supports the durability of the ongoing peace process in Afghanistan and the continued consolidation of its fragile democratic institutions.

In-Depth Research & Reports by Harris Samad and Fatima Salman

Afghanistan Arms Control

The South Asia Center serves as the Atlantic Council’s focal point for work on greater South Asia as well as its relations between these countries, the neighboring regions, Europe, and the United States.



Wed, May 12, 2021

Webinar: Understanding Russian and Iranian perspectives on the Afghan peace process

The Atlantic Council's South Asia Center and Eurasia Center, in partnership with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, host a conversation about Russian and Iranian perspectives on the Afghan peace process.

Timely Commentary & Analysis by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan Democratic Transitions

Tue, May 11, 2021

Afghanistan: What now to avoid disaster?

Avoiding complete defeat for US goals after the military withdrawal will require swift, coordinated action from Washington. Five former top US diplomats to Afghanistan reveal how to do it.

New Atlanticist by James Cunningham, Hugo Llorens, Ronald E. Neumann, Richard Olson, and Earl Anthony Wayne

Afghanistan Conflict

Mon, May 10, 2021

Nawaz joins CGTN America to discuss the US withdrawal from Afghanistan

In the News by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan Pakistan

Thu, Apr 29, 2021

Preble on the Net Assessment podcast: Mission accomplished in Afghanistan?

On April 29, Christopher Preble and co-hosts debated the wisdom of President Joe Biden’s decision to withdraw US forces from Afghanistan on War on the Rock’s Net Assessment podcast. They discussed the counter-argument that the Biden administration should have kept a small force in Afghanistan for the foreseeable future, but questioned whether that would have […]

In the News by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan English

Thu, Apr 29, 2021

Rebooting neutrality in Afghan foreign policy – A framework for global and regional engagement on Afghanistan post-US and NATO withdrawal

Afghanistan is caught between a rock and a hard place, trapped between a turbulent global and regional environment and uncertain domestic politics resulting from the departure of American troops. In this context, the Afghan foreign policy and national security establishment should declare Afghanistan as a neutral zone through the adoption of a neutral foreign policy.

SouthAsiaSource by Tamim Asey

Afghanistan Politics & Diplomacy

Wed, Apr 28, 2021

Charai in The Hill: Allies will make the difference in exiting Afghanistan, dealing with Iran

Within recent weeks, the Biden administration has made clear its priority goals in Central Asia: withdrawal from Afghanistan and renewed outreach to Iran. US cooperation with allies will be the key to achieving these goals, argues Atlantic Council Board Director Ahmed Charai.

In the News by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan Iran

Wed, Apr 28, 2021

Theros and Halaimzai in Chatham House: US withdrawal will not end the forever war

In the News by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan Defense Policy

Fri, Apr 23, 2021

Hope amid a ‘window of uncertainty’ for Afghanistan

“The Taliban have a choice to make at this time; they can, in fact, be pragmatic or they can be permanent pariahs,” former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said at the launch of the "Transatlantic charter on Afghan sovereignty, security, and development."

New Atlanticist by Larry Luxner

Afghanistan Conflict

Thu, Apr 22, 2021

A transatlantic charter for peace and security in Afghanistan

The Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center presents the exclusive launch of the Transatlantic Charter on Afghanistan as part of the Strategic Dialogues on and with Afghanistan.

Feature by South Asia Center

Afghanistan Europe & Eurasia

Wed, Apr 21, 2021

Ashford in Inkstick: A promise to end America’s war in Afghanistan

On April 21, Emma Ashford published an op-ed in Inkstick, which highlighted the importance of the Biden administration choosing Sept. 11. 2021 as the withdrawal date from Afghanistan. She argues that the choice of Sept. 11 makes it far more certain that this time, the withdrawal is for real. “The American war in Afghanistan is […]

In the News by Atlantic Council

Afghanistan Politics & Diplomacy