As the conflict in Syria enters its seventh year, it poses both new and old unanswered questions for US policy. The armed opposition is no longer a strategic threat to the Assad regime, and while international intervention would change that, it is unlikely. Fighting, which Assad is too weak to prevent, will continue in parts of the country, but Russia’s presence limits other states’ options to exploit the conflict. The regime could lose more territory, but its gains will be more important than its losses. The question is no longer “Who will win the war?” The opposition is losing, even if the ruined regime cannot meaningfully be described as ‘the winner.’ As new policy questions emerge, the Trump’s administration has yet to offer clear answers, despite heavy criticism of its predecessor’s policies.