Space Weapons and the Risk of Nuclear Exchange

January 11, 2016 - 12:00 pm

Atlantic Council, 1030 15th Street NW, 12th Floor (West Tower)
Washington, DC
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Space Weapons and the Risk of Nuclear Exchange 

Keynote Address by:
Ms. Mallory Stewart
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Emerging Security Challenges and Defense Policy Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance
US Department of State 

Introduction by:
Dr. Bharath Gopalaswamy
Director, South Asia Center
Atlantic Council

A Conversation with:
Dr. Nancy Gallagher
Senior Research Scholar; Interim Director, CISSM
School of Public Policy

University of Maryland

Dr. Joan Freese
Professor of National Security Affairs 
US Naval War College 

 Dr. Gaurav Kampani
Nonresident Senior Fellow, South Asia Center
Atlantic Council

Moderated by:
 Mr. Lucien Crowder
Senior Editor, Development and Disarmament Roundtable
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 
 
January 11 marks the ninth anniversary of China's first anti-satellite (ASAT) test, which made China the third country—after the United States and the former Soviet Union—to test a destructive ASAT capability. The 2007 test galvanized a debate in the United States about America's increasing vulnerability to counterspace technologies. Many scholars believe that over the last few years, China has invested in counterspace capabilities that challenge the US "command of the commons." China's 2007 test also sparked a debate on an arms race in space that could someday trigger an inadvertent nuclear exchange between the United States and China, or between India and China.
 
On January 11, 2016—building on a 2015 feature published by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in its Development and Disarmament Roundtable series—the South Asia Center along with the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists will convene a panel of experts to discuss the danger that anti-satellite weapons pose to global security. Panelists will include Dr. Nancy Gallagher, Senior Research Scholar at the University of Maryland's School of Public Policy; Dr. Joan Freese, Professor of National Security Affairs at the US Naval War College; Dr. Gaurav Kampani, Nonresident Fellow at the Atlantic Council's South Asia Center. The panel will be moderated by Mr. Lucien Crowder, Senior Editor at the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. The conversation will be initiated with a special keynote address by Ms. Mallory Stewart, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Emerging Security Challenges and Defense Policy at the US Department of State. 

 
DATE:                Monday, January 11, 2016

TIME:                 12:00 p.m. – 2:00 p.m.            

LOCATION:       Atlantic Council
                        1030 15th St. NW, 12th Floor


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Bios

Ms. Mallory Stewart is the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Emerging
Challenges and Defense Policy in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance (AVC). She is responsible for the management of the Office of Emerging Security Challenges and the Office of Chemical and Biological Weapons Affairs. Ms. Stewart joined the State Department in 2002 as an attorney in the Legal Adviser’s Office (L). During her time in L, Ms. Stewart represented the United States before the Iran-U.S Claims Tribunal as an attorney in the Office of Claims and Investment Disputes. She focused on international and domestic treaty law in the Office of Treaty Affairs, and she worked on numerous legal issues related to nonproliferation sanctions, conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction, missile defense, and space in the Office of Nonproliferation and Arms Control. She was the State Department lawyer for the U.S. delegation that negotiated the Ballistic Missile Agreements with Poland and Romania, and she was the lead lawyer on the 2013 U.S.-Russian Framework for the Elimination of Syrian Chemical Weapons. In 2014, Ms. Stewart was a recipient of the Secretary’s Award for Excellence in International Security Affairs for her work on the international effort to eliminate Syrian chemical weapons. Ms. Stewart is a graduate of Harvard College and Stanford Law School.

Dr. Bharath Gopalaswamy is the Director of the South Asia Center. Prior to joining the Atlantic Council, Gopalaswamy managed the Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he oversaw developing projects on South Asian security issues. He has held research appointments with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and with Cornell University's Judith Reppy Institute of Peace and Conflict studies. Dr. Gopalaswamy holds a PhD in mechanical engineering with a specialization in numerical acoustics from Trinity College, Dublin. In addition to his studies abroad, he has previously worked at the Indian Space Research Organization's High Altitude Test Facilities and the EADS Astrium GmbH division in Germany.

Dr. Nancy Gallagher is the Interim Director at the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM) and a Senior Research Scholar at the University of Maryland's School of Public Policy.  She co-directs the Advanced Methods of Cooperative Security Program, an interdisciplinary effort to address the security implications of globalization by developing more refined rules of behavior and more comprehensive transparency arrangements.  Her current research analyzes policy options to maximize benefits and minimize risks from the global spread of space capabilities, biotechnology, and nuclear energy. Before coming to the University of Maryland, Dr. Gallagher was the Executive Director of the Clinton administration's Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Task Force and worked with the Special Advisor to the President and the Secretary of State on recommendations to build bipartisan support for U.S. ratification. She has been an arms control specialist in the State Department, a Foster Fellow in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and a faculty member at Wesleyan University. Dr. Gallagher is the author of The Politics of Verification (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999), the editor of Arms Control: New Approaches to Theory and Policy (Frank Cass, 1998), and the co-author of Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security (American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2008) and Controlling Dangerous Pathogens: A Prototype Protective Oversight System (CISSM, 2007). She has also written articles on space security, nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, public opinion, and other topics related to global security. She received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. 

Dr. Joan Johnson-Freese has been a member of the faculty of the Naval War College since 2002. Previously, she was on the faculty at the Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies in Honolulu, HI; the Air War College in Montgomery, AL; and Director of the Center for Space Policy & Law at the University of Central Florida. Within international and national security studies, Dr. Johnson-Freese focuses on globalization and technology programs and policies generally, and space programs and policies specifically, including issues relating to technology transfer, missile defense, and space security.  Dr. Johnson-Freese has testified before Congress on several occasions regarding Chinese space activities and space security issues. She is on the editorial board of China Security, a member of the International Academy of Astronautics, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the International Space University, served on the Space Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences, and the Lyles Commission to examine the future of the U.S. civil space program, and an Adjunct Professor at the Watson Institute, Brown University.In addition to teaching courses on Security Studies at the Naval War College, she also teaches courses on Globalization & Terrorism and Space & Security at Harvard. She has traveled extensively in support of the Naval War College PME engagement program, making presentations and conducting curriculum discussions in Cameroon, Ethiopia, Colombia, Mexico, Kenya, South Africa, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina and the Dominican Republic. 

Dr. Gaurav Kampani is a Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council's South Asia Center. He is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Tulsa. From 2013 to 2014, he was a Postdoctoral Transatlantic Fellow in International Relations and Security at the Norwegian Institute of Defense Studies in Oslo. Between 1998 and 2005, Dr. Kampani was a Senior Research Associate at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, CA. From 2010 to 2011, he was a Staton Nuclear Security Fellow at Stanford University's Center for International Security and Cooperation. Dr. Kampani's research interests cover international security and focus on the relationship between domestic institutions and strategic policy, military strategy, operations planning, and weapons development. Dr. Kampani's teaching spans world politics, the global commons, US foreign and national security policy, and South Asia.

Mr. Lucien Crowder joined the Bulletin as senior editor in January 2012, primarily taking responsibility for the Development and Disarmament Roundtable series. Before then, he served as associate editor of Current History, a monthly journal of contemporary international affairs. From 2004 to 2006, he was a reporter for Taiwan Business Topics, a monthly magazine devoted to international business in Taiwan, and covered issues ranging from biotechnology to labor markets to higher education. Crowder began his career as a freelance writer and editor for publications including Far Eastern Economic Review, Australian Financial Review, and The Philadelphia Inquirer. He holds a B.A. in English Language and Literature from the University of Chicago.

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