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Sarah Abdelrahman2

Bold, outspoken, and admittedly stubborn, Sarah Abdelrahman has not become one of Egypt’s most prominent political activists by keeping her opinions to herself. With over 20,000 followers on Twitter – where she cranks out live updates from Tahrir Square at a dizzying pace –Abdelrahman has successfully leveraged social media and her hit YouTube video series, "Walla Eih," to voice dissent and spread political awareness during and since the January 25 Revolution.

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In the wake of the recent military crackdown on protesters in front of the cabinet building and Tahrir Square, captured by the iconic image of a woman dragged down the street, stripped, and beaten by soldiers of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), Egyptian women have gathered today for a Women’s March to condemn the systematic use of violence against all women and to reiterate the revolution’s calls for the SCAF to relinquish power to a civilian body.

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Anti-SCAF graffiti in Cairo

 Four more people were killed in Tahrir Square in renewed clashes early on the morning of December 20, bringing the total death toll to at least 12. Meanwhile, the Revolutionary Youth Coalition and the “We Are All Khaled Said” Facebook group are backing an initiative to hold early presidential elections on January 25.

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General Emara.jpg

When the Libyan, Syrian and Yemeni armies were repressing the revolts of their people by force, the Egyptian army was boasting that it sided with the people and toppled their leader. However, the latest round of clashes in Cairo, which had resulted in 11 casualties and over 300 injuries by December 19, demonstrate that the armed forces are no longer protecting the people and are now engaged in a lethal campaign to suppress protesters calling for an end to military rule.  The cruelty shown by military forces over the last few days – ruthlessly beating unarmed protesters and stripping them of their clothes -- exceeds the brutality of Hosni Mubarak’s former regime.

The shocking images of army officers – wearing regular military uniforms and equipped with anti-riot gear -- beating and firing at demonstrators and stripping women in plain public view – is an escalation of the SCAF’s iron-fisted approach to protests, which has been on display for months. This trend became increasingly apparent with the Maspero incidents on October 9, when 28 Coptic protesters were crushed to death by military vehicles and killed by live ammunition. The SCAF’s crackdown escalated again on November 19, when 42 protesters were killed and over 2000 injured – many of them blinded – by rubber bullets in Mohammed Mahmoud Street.

Rather than claim responsibility for its mishandling of the recent violence, the SCAF has consistently blamed the clashes on protesters. In a press conference on December 19, SCAF member Major General Adel Emara claimed that previous incidents in October and November were part of a “systematic plan to bring down Egypt.”   General Emara used the same logic applied by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who denied responsibility for the deaths of thousands of Syrian protesters,  and that of former Libyan leader Moammar Qaddafi, who tried to delegitimize protesters by portraying them as foreign agents and mercenaries.  General Emara tried to draw a false distinction between the youth who led the January 25 Revolution and the youth currently clashing with the military, claiming that the later is not representative of the Egyptian people and is motivated by subversive elements and foreign agendas. Once again, the SCAF is determined to portray itself as a victim rather than the perpetrator of violence. Throughout Emara’s press conference, Twitter was buzzing with sarcastic and angry reactions from the youth of the revolution.

Emara’s statements echo the language one might expect to hear from thugs and bullies harassing a weakling.  Protesters are demanding that the SCAF be held accountable for its crimes, but there are few means for legal recourse when the accused perpetrator is running the political system.

All along, the SCAF has been trying to win sympathy by playing the victim card. Despite a huge volume of video footage documenting the crackdown on Twitter and Youtube, the SCAF is selectively using images of the clashes to portray protesters as violent vandals. General Emara pointed to a picture of children throwing bricks and Molotov cocktails at burning government buildings along with confessions of children and adolescents – possibly given under duress – claiming that they were paid to destroy public property. The SCAF is spewing this propaganda as evidence to support its claim that “hidden fingers” and “systematic schemes” are working to undermine the transition.

While General Emara was making his announcement, the Middle East News Agency broadcast statements by an anonymous official source who claimed that “the involvement of former party and parliamentary figures, businessmen, and political activists in the recent incidents in Egypt, including those at the cabinet, could lead to a ‘Syria’ scenario by transforming the power struggle into a clash between the army and the people.”

Some analysts fear that the army’s confrontation with protesters in Tahrir Square could bring about a crisis resembling Syria’s if protesters refuse to except the military’s roadmap and timeline for transition. Others consider the situation in Egypt different from that in Syria because the Egyptian people toppled the president while Assad still clings to power. One of the activists tweeted describing the situation in Egypt:  “The army sacrificed Mubarak to save the regime and killed the revolution.” As the protesters know, the SCAF has been able to retain power because of the military establishment’s vast resources and institutional infrastructure – much like Syria’s – which make regime change extremely difficult.  In Libya, where Qaddafi’s patronage network and constituency was not as broad as in Syria or Egypt, protesters were finally able to unravel the regime.

Even though the army announced a timetable to transfer power to civilians by the end of June 2012, mistrust and apprehension about the SCAF’s true intensions is rising. There Is a growing sense among activists that the SCAF is trying to isolate the political forces by dragging them into violent confrontations and taking advantage of the average citizen’s fatigue with continued protests and insecurity to justify restrictions on expression and the right to protest.  Nearly one year after the revolution, the Egyptian public is becoming increasingly frustrated with continued insecurity and there is widespread concern that the country is on the brink of a dangerous political firestorm and economic crisis.

Magdy Samaan is a freelance journalist and a 2011 MENA Democracy Fellow at the World Affairs Institute. Mr. Samaan has previously worked as a correspondent for the Egyptian independent newspapers Al-Shorouk and Al-Masry al-Youm as well as Al Jazeera, reporting on politics, religious minorities, and US-Egypt relations.

Photo Credit: al-Mashhad

Bread protest in Egypt

On December 19, Egypt’s Cabinet announced a raft of belt-tightening measures to cut public finance spending, in a seemingly panicked effort to stave off a financing crisis. The proposed reforms include cutting fuel subsidies for energy-intensive industries, postponing the application of a property tax for another year, and deferring a new law on social insurance and pensions until July 2013.

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Bullet Tahrir Square

At least 12 people have been killed and hundreds more injured in clashes in downtown Cairo over the past three days. Violence broke out on December 16 when military forces guarding the Cabinet building near Tahrir Square cracked down on a three-week-old sit-in to call for a transfer of power to civilian leadership.

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SCAF press conference

SCAF member Major General Adel Amara held a televised press conference on December 19 after overnight clashes in Tahrir Square, in which thousands of Central Security Forces encircled a crowd of outnumbered and unarmed protesters with batons.

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American-made tear gas

The U.S. Congress is seeking to impose restrictions on military aid to Egypt in the 2012 omnibus spending bill unveiled on December 16, news that may not be welcomed by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), which would prefer that its $1.3 billion dollar assistance package continue to flow freely without strings attached.

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Activists on Twitter and on the Khaled Said Facebook page are starting to call for early presidential elections by January 25, "or it's gonna be bad," Mohamed Samir warned from Cairo. On December 18, the Khaled Said Facebook page suggested a radically shortened timeline for the presidential election, starting with polling on January 25, the announcement of results by February 2, and the inauguration on February 11.

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American-made tear gas

Over the past two days, soldiers and military police have used almost everything within arm's reach -- fire hoses, batons, thrown rocks, furniture and glass projectiles -- to break up crowds in Tahrir Squre and outside of the Council of Ministers Building.

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