Worth reading again: two years ago Dr. Pham authored a report for the US National Defense University on Boko Haram that recent events in Nigeria have proven remains relevant today.

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In the brief, Dr. Pham reaches back to the 1940s to place the group in its proper social, historical, and political context, and traces its rise and evolution from 2002 to 2012. Dr. Pham argued that security operations alone would not be enough to quell the group, and that the increasing sophistication and savagery of its attacks should serve as a “wakeup call” to Nigerian and international authorities.

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Related Experts: J. Peter Pham