As Iran braced for more sanctions and economic hardship, the Islamic Republic continued to arrest and jail scores of political protesters, civil society activists and dual nationals. These policies persisted despite pledges by President Hassan Rouhani to “de-securitize” the country and calls for tje unification of political factions in the face of US pressure. On September 13, 2018, the Future of Iran Initiative hosted a panel discussion about Iran’s human rights abuses and what, if any, strategies the Trump administration and the international community could pursue to try to ameliorate the situation.