Numerous recent reports have revealed the Russian army’s reliance on critical Western components to power its war on Ukraine. Moscow’s forces depend on Western-made inputs for the construction and maintenance of their drones, cruise missiles, communications systems, and electronic warfare complexes. Many of these components originate in countries supporting Ukraine militarily, including the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Japan, and Taiwan.

In early March 2023, a joint International Partnership for Human Rights-Independent Anti-Corruption Commission report found multiple weapons used in suspected Russian war crimes in Ukraine were reliant upon dual-use and Western components. Despite multiple rounds of sanctions implemented against Russia and Russian entities, Moscow continues to circumvent sanctions and export bans to import Western components essential to the Kremlin’s war machine.

How vital are Western components for the Russian military? What can Western governments and companies do to more effectively prevent dual-use technology exports to Russia? How can the West make it more difficult for Moscow and its partners to circumvent sanctions?

A conversation with

Jack Crawford
Research Analyst, Open Source Intelligence and Analysis
Royal United Services Institute (RUSI)

Sam Jones
President, Co-Founder
Heartland Initiative

Benjamin Schmitt
Senior Fellow, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Kleinman Center for Energy Policy
University of Pennsylvania

Olena Tregub
Executive Director
Independent Anti-Corruption Commission (NAKO)

Moderated by

issue spotlight


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The Eurasia Center’s mission is to enhance transatlantic cooperation in promoting policies that strengthen stability, democratic values, and prosperity in Eurasia, from Eastern Europe in the West to the Caucasus, Russia, and Central Asia in the East.