John Manza is a nonresident senior fellow with the Transatlantic Security Initiative at the Atlantic Council’s Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security. He has wide ranging experience in international security affairs. Early in his career, he served as a marine infantry officer, with multiple deployments in the Pacific Rim, the Middle East and Central America. Later, as a civilian, he gained extensive experience in Iraq and Afghanistan, working on development and governance issues for the US Departments of State and Defense. Most recently, Manza served as the NATO assistant secretary general for operations, where he was responsible for the coordination and drafting of NATO’s lessons of Afghanistan report. Currently, Manza is a professor of practice at the Joint Advanced Warfighting School, where he teaches strategy. Manza has a PhD in international relations from Wayne State University in Detroit.