In October, the U.S. Naval Institute published in its Proceedings magazine an article by Forward Defense nonresident senior fellow Scott Cooper. In the article, titled “Expanding the Conception of National Security,” Cooper argues that the nature of the interstate strategic competition with China and Russia means that the United States must broaden its conception of national security to include information and political warfare.

“The most effective Russian weapon is not the Avangard hypersonic boost-glide missile, but the digital tools of manipulation they have used repeatedly to exponential effect.”

Scott Cooper

Forward Defense, housed within the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, generates ideas and connects stakeholders in the defense ecosystem to promote an enduring military advantage for the United States, its allies, and partners. Our work identifies the defense strategies, capabilities, and resources the United States needs to deter and, if necessary, prevail in future conflict.

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