December 1, 2015
Pham Joins Subcommittee Briefing on Congolese Adoption Crisis
By Africa Center
Gregory Simpkins, Staff Director for the Subcommittee, welcomed participants, introduced the speakers, and moderated the discussion.
Panelists speaking included Congressman Mark Meadows, Vice Chairman of the Subcommittee; the Honorable Herman Cohen, former Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs; Dr. J. Peter Pham, Director, Africa Center, Atlantic Council; and Lori Halpern, an adoptive parent of a Congolese youth.
Halpern began the discussion by outlining the progression of the foreign adoption crisis in the DRC, highlighting the fact that while the adoption of many DRC children has been legally finalized, the DRC government’s refusal to provide exit authorization prevents adoptees from leaving the country. She also commented on how the delay in exit authorization contributed to a very high cost for adoptive parents who must foster and purchase local medical care for their children while awaiting approval to remove them from the country.
In his remarks, Pham underscored the DRC’s unique political and constitutional context, noting that while the country’s constitution includes presidential term limits and prohibits their amendment, President Kabila remains reluctant to relinquish power due to fears of his fate after the presidency. Pham noted the urgency of the adoption issue in light of the fact that Kabila will likely use the crisis to leverage an extension of his stay in office.
Cohen emphasized the need to search for a diplomatic solution to what is essentially a political problem created by the Congolese President.
The panel presentations were followed by a lively discussion during which several adoptive parents of Congolese children voiced their concerns about the US government’s strategy to address the issue and asked roundtable panelists to suggest policy recommendations that would facilitate a resolution.