April 21, 2015
Is Authoritarianism Staging a Comeback?
By Mathew Burrows and Maria J. Stephen
The world is in the throes of a nearly decade-long global democratic recession. Democratic breakdowns in strategically important countries like Russia, Pakistan, Egypt, and Venezuela are cause for serious concern, as are reversals in Turkey and Hungary. Using a combination of repression and noncoercive tools, governments are shutting down space for civil society around the world. Is Authoritarianism Staging A Comeback? offers answers to why authoritarianism is gaining on democracy—and what the international community can do about it.
Authors include: Peter Ackerman, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict; Nada Alwadi, journalist; Howard Barrell, Cardiff University; Maciej Bartkowski, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict; Shaazka Beyerle, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict; Dennis Blair, Sasakawa Peace Foundation, USA; Mathew Burrows, Atlantic Council; Erica Chenoweth, University of Denver; Larry Diamond, Stanford University; Jeremy Kinsman, A Diplomat's Handbook on Democracy Development Support; George Lopez, United States Institute of Peace; Hardy Merriman, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict; Regine A. Spector, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Maria J. Stephan, Atlantic Council; Julia Taleb, journalist; Zeynep Tufekci, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Elizabeth Wilson, Seton Hall University.
"The setbacks to democracy we are witnessing around the world are alarming, inherently destabilizing, and need to be reversed. Burrows and Stephan provide a useful look at the political, economic, security, and technology aspects of authoritarian resilience. These compelling case studies of civil resistance and authoritarian responses suggest the legal and policy tools available to policymakers to support locally-driven democratic change. National and international security strategists should take note."
-Admiral James Stavridis USN (Ret.), Former Supreme Allied Commander of NATO
"The advance of freedom globally is among the most important factors for ensuring US long-term national security interests. Understanding why authoritarianism is gaining ground while some democracies are backsliding is one of the most urgent policy priorities. The contributors to this volume make a convincing case that the United States and other democratic governments need to develop a strategy for re-energizing our collective efforts to support democratic movements worldwide and make some useful suggestions on where to start."
-The Honorable Stephen J. Hadley, Former US National Security Advisor
"Burrows and Stephan make a compelling case that complacency has no place in the face of rising authoritarianism and point to powerful nonviolent tools for combating this trend. Their manifesto builds on my late husband Ambassador Mark Palmer's conviction that free societies have the means at their disposal to end dictatorships. In Mark's words, 'Working together, there is nothing that can stop the world's democracies and democrats from achieving universal freedom.'"
-Dr. Sushma Palmer, Chairman, Center for Communications, Health and the Environment
"This excellent volume well analyzes one of the most troubling international developments today, mounting global reversals of democratic governance, and how to combat effectively this trend. It is a valuable resource and must read for both policymakers and civil society activists alike."
-Ambassador Paula J. Dobriansky, Former Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs