NATO’s not very lofty summit


From Stephen M. Walt, Foreign Policy:  I’ve now read the official statements and White House press releases, and it’s tempting to see the whole thing as a subtle insult to our collective intelligence. To paraphrase Churchill, never have so many world leaders flown so far to accomplish so little. . . .

NATO has piously declared — for the zillionth time — that its members will enhance their military capabilities by improved intra-alliance cooperation. This step is justified in part by highlighting the alliance’s supposed recent achievements, to wit:

"The success of our forces in Libya, Afghanistan, the Balkans and in fighting piracy is a vivid illustration that NATO remains unmatched in its ability to deploy and sustain military power to safeguard the security of our populations and to contribute to international peace and security."

NATO is "unmatched" because the United States maintains a global military presence, but the self-congratulation here seems misplaced. Libya hardly looks like a success story right now, success in Afghanistan has been downgraded not to what we originally wanted but to whatever we think we can achieve, and the Balkan operation now appears open-ended.

More importantly, how many times have we seen this movie? Ever since the 1952 Lisbon force goals, NATO’s European members have promised to improve their capabilities and then failed to meet their agreed-upon goals. This pattern has continued for five-plus decades, and it makes you wonder why anyone takes such pledges seriously anymore. If EU countries can’t find the money to backstop a proper firewall for the fragile Greek, Italian, and Spanish economies, it is hard to believe NATO’s European members are going to make significant new investments in defense. I’m not saying they should, by the way, given that Europe faces no significant conventional military threats. Last time I checked, the U.S. was spending about 4 percent of its GDP on defense and the rest of NATO was averaging about 1.7 percent. Both halves of the transatlantic partnership will be trimming budgets in the years ahead, no matter what they said in Chicago.  (photo: Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty)

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