Georgia and Russia have agreed to re-open a key artery closed since 2006, another sign that Moscow would like to repair relations with its former satellite.
Margarita Antidze and Gleb Bryanski report for Reuters:
Georgia said on Thursday it had agreed to open a mountain pass on the border with Russia, in a first sign of a possible thaw in relations between the two ex-Soviet nations since their August 2008 war. “According to our preliminary verbal agreement with the Russian side, the Verkhny Lars checkpoint will open in early March,” Georgian Deputy Foreign Minister Nino Kalandadze told a news conference.
A spokeswoman for Russia’s Foreign Ministry said it was preparing a statement on the issue. The pass, located some 30 km (20 miles) south of the Russian city of Vladikavkaz, links it with the Georgian capital of Tbilisi.
Russia closed the pass in 2006 as ties between the two states soured due to Moscow’s support for two Georgian rebel regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Russia and Georgia fought a brief war in 2008 after Georgia tried to retake South Ossetia by force.
A brief AP report notes that the talks were “Swiss-brokered” and that this is “the only highway crossing between Russia and Georgia that does not go through the Kremlin-backed rebel regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.” This move comes amidst other strong signs of a thaw:
There has been no border traffic or flights between Russia and Georgia since the war. On Tuesday, Georgian airlines Airzena asked the Russian government to allow it to run charter flights between Tbilisi and Moscow during the winter holiday period. “We assess the resumption of air links positively. We hope that negotiations between private air companies on resumption of flights will result in a positive decision,” Kalandadze said.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin met former Georgian Prime Minister Zurab Nogaideli late on Wednesday. At the meeting, Putin fretted about an ill-fated demolition of a World War Two memorial in Georgia last week, which killed a woman and her eight-year-old daughter, and suggested a plan to build a copy of the monument in Moscow.
He said the reconstruction could pave the way for a restoration of dialogue between the two countries, which share a common history and religion. About 1 million Georgians who live in Russia are also keen to keep links with their homeland. “Relations between Russia and Georgia are in a dire state today,” Putin told Nogaideli, now a fierce critic of Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili. “This (the restoration of the monument) could become a starting point for the restoration of a dialogue, if not between the authorities but at least between public organizations and civil society,” Putin said. Putin suggested that Russia should restore the monument in Moscow as a sign of gratitude to 700,000 Georgians who fought in World War Two. One third of them died.
The meeting — which Russian officials said was the highest level contact between the two countries since the war — has indicated that a thaw in ties was possible although Nogaideli currently carries little weight in Georgian politics.
President Dmitry Medvedev said on December 9 said he saw no obstacle to resuming visa-free travel and air links, though Moscow has repeatedly said there will be no official contact with Georgia as long as Saakashvili remains in power. Russia’s previous attempts to create a more Russia-friendly opposition movement in Georgia fell through, and anti-Russian sentiments prevail in Georgian society, while politicians seeking contacts with Russia remain mavericks. “From my point of view, Nogaideli is a sensible man. He sees the perspective, and this differs him from other politicians who do not see this perspective and do not want to see it,” Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Karasin was quoted as saying.
While one hopes this renewed sentiment for their Georgian cousins is genuine, it is prudent to have some skepticism. Negotiating with Nogaideli, rather than a high ranking official of the Saakashvili government, is not exactly a sign that Russia is ready to accept Georgia as a sovereign equal.Still, one can be grateful for small favors, and resumed air and ground travel is a step in the right direction.
James Joyner is managing editor of the Atlantic Council.