Venezuela: What are the most effective US sanctions?

With US sanctions against Nicolás Maduro firmly in place, the Trump administration is set to take more severe economic actions if the Venezuelan government continues to repress political and civil liberties. What is in the US toolbox and what would be the effects of implementation?

The Venezuela Spotlight is authored by David Mortlock, former director for International Economic Affairs at the White House National Security Council and nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Global Energy Center; and Francisco Monaldi, fellow in Latin American Energy Policy at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy and founding director of the Center for Energy and the Environment at the Management Studies Institute (IESA) in Venezuela. Together, they break down the options and lay out principles to be applied as the international community assesses next steps.

Click here to view the interactive report.

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