Barbara C. Matthews

  • Europe Signals Intent to Avoid Trade War with the United States

    Transatlantic trade negotiators are kicking off 2019 with positive momentum toward avoiding a trade war and implementing last year’s joint statement between the White House and the European Commission. On January 7, the European Commission made key announcements on agricultural trade and steel tariffs that set the stage for ministerial-level talks held in Washington on January 8.


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  • Matthews in FinReg Blog: International Regulatory Cooperation: FinTech Edition


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  • Can Lowering Trade Barriers Fuel American Energy Exports to Europe?

    Momentum is building regarding the trade truce and work plan announced by the United States and the European Union in the July 25 US-EU Joint Statement. US President Donald J. Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Junker gave special attention to strengthening “strategic cooperation with respect to energy,” adding that the “European Union wants to import more liquefied natural gas (LNG) from the United States to diversify its energy supply.” In early August, the EU Commission reiterated support for that goal and urged the United States to ease LNG export regulations as a way to help increase LNG trade.

    Washington and Brussels have been working to increase cross-border economic integration in the energy sector and to promote increased US-EU energy ties at least since the early 2000s when they began serious...

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  • Non-Tariff Barriers: Can the EU and the United States Make Progress on Trade?

    On July 25, the European Union and the United States took an important step in de-escalating the threat of a trade war by agreeing to not only begin walking back US tariffs on European steel and aluminum and Europe’s retaliatory measures, but also by starting to discuss an ambitious forward-looking agenda for reducing trade barriers and expanding trade liberalization in other sectors, such as energy, soybeans, services, and non-tariff barriers (NTBs).

    The goal of eliminating NTBs is laudable. We welcome the transatlantic effort to find a way out of the dead-end associated with increased trade barriers. As we noted before the White House meeting between Presidents Juncker and Trump, such an approach could provide an off-ramp from the current trade war dynamics, while...

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  • Matthews in The Hill: Trump-EU olive branch a laudable first step in a long process


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  • Promoting Economic Growth, Productivity, and Investment: A Conversation with UK Minister Robert Jenrick MP


    On July 27th 2018, the Atlantic Council’s Global Business & Economics Program hosted a roundtable discussion on economic growth and productivity, with particular attention on the UK's economy and transatlantic economic relations. The event featured Robert Jenrick MP, Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury of the United Kingdom and was moderated by Barbara Matthews, senior fellow at the Global Business & Economics Program. C. Boyden Gray, former US Ambassador to the European Union, opened the conversation.

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  • Was the Trump-Juncker Meeting Really a Success?

    US President Donald J. Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker attempted to tamp down trade tensions between the United States and the European Union (EU) in their meeting at the White House on July 25. Juncker pledged that the EU would seek to import more US soybeans, buy more US liquified natural gas (LNG), and work toward an agreement on zero tariffs for industrial products in exchange for a promise from Trump to back off his threat to increase tariffs on European-made cars.

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  • Matthews Quoted in Newsweek on the Current State of US-EU Trade Relations


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  • Trade in Services Agreement: A Way Out of the Trade War?

    US President Donald J. Trump and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker are expected to discuss ways to defuse the trade war between the United States and the European Union (EU) when they meet at the White House on July 25. This escalating situation, which also involves China, has brought increased attention to trade in goods, at the expense of trade in services, which account for three quarters of US gross domestic product (GDP) and four out of five jobs in the United States.  Consequently, a policy that is focused on trade in goods misses not only the largest sector of the US economy, but also the United States’ prowess in providing services to international partners and the enormous potential for US service providers if allowed access to additional markets. The Trump administration should be working hard to expand markets for US services and to conclude and strengthen new agreements that encompass services...
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  • Smart Cities, Smart Investment? A discussion with European Investment Bank Vice-President Vazil Hudák

    On Friday, March 20, 2018, the Atlantic Council’s Global Business and Economics Program hosted a lunch discussion with Mr. Vazil Hudák, Vice-President of the European Investment Bank (EIB). The discussion centered on investment in ‘Smart Cities’. The private event was part of the Global Business and Economics Program’s Eurogrowth Initiative.

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