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Ten years after the 2011 revolution that overthrew Muammar al-Qaddafi, the Biden administration is facing renewed challenges in Libya. Placed at the center of great powers’ diverging geopolitical interests, such as those of the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Russia, Libya will face enormous political, economic and security challenges in the foreseeable future. The Biden administration must now face the current state of play: The United States’ diplomatic absence has left the country in turmoil and facilitated the intervention of foreign powers in the country. 

The panel explored the role of international actors in the post 2011 Libyan political landscape. The panel also analyzed their interactions, as well as the relationship these actors have with forces on the ground. The Atlantic Council’s Rafik Hariri Center and Middle East programs in collaboration with the Tripoli-based think tank Sadeq Institute hosted a public conversation to launch the publication of the Sadeq Institute’s report: Libya: the Great Game. A Decade of Revolution, Civil War and Intervention.


Steven A. Cook
Eni Enrico Mattei Senior Fellow, Middle East and Africa Studies
Council on Foreign Relations

Roberto Menotti
Editor in Chief of Aspenia online, Deputy Editor of Aspenia, and Senior Advisor, International Activities
The Aspen Institute Italia

Anas El Gomati
Founder and Director
Sadeq Institute

Deborah K. Jones
Former United States Ambassador to Libya


Karim Mezran
Director, North Africa Initiative, Rafik Hariri Center and Middle East Programs
Atlantic Council

Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East

The Atlantic Council’s work on social, economic and human development issues in the Middle East honors the legacy of Rafik Hariri and his life’s mission to unlock the human and economic potential of the Arab world.