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ISIS has lost its territory in Syria and is no longer able to conduct large-scale internal or external attacks. Nonetheless, the organization has been able to regroup, continues to generate funds through its illicit activities, and has resumed low-level operations.

The United States and its partners must solidify gains against ISIS, particularly as the possibility looms of a further drawdown of US troops in Syria. Active combat against the group is winding down. It is now necessary to prevent a future ISIS resurgence by finding ways to keep up the pressure while also tackling the root causes of the wider unrest. What challenges remain for US and European policymakers in order to eliminate an ISIS revival? What support is still needed for local partners and communities to ensure they are not at risk from ISIS again? 


Jasmine El-Gamal
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Scowcroft Middle East Security Initiative
Atlantic Council

Christopher Maier
Director, Defeat-ISIS Task Force Office of the Secretary of Defense,
US Department of Defense

Robert Rohde
Ambassador for the Negotiations on Syria and Head of Division for Syria, Iraq, Lebanon & Anti-ISIS Strategy 
German Federal Foreign Office


Jomana Qaddour
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East
Atlantic Council