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Feb 10, 2021

A paradigm shift under President Joe Biden: From “energy dominance” towards climate cooperation

By Friedbert Pflüger

The US return to the Paris Agreement and the appointment of John Kerry as the new US Special Presidential Envoy for Climate indicate a new paradigm: international energy and climate cooperation is back on the agenda. While there may be challenges to achieving broader goals, hopes are up for a transatlantic New Energy Deal between the United States and the EU in light of new policy substance with ambitious climate targets, and a new tone.

Climate Change & Climate Action Energy & Environment


Feb 10, 2020

A new security challenge: The geopolitical implications of climate change

By Friedbert Pflüger

Discussions on energy and geopolitics over the last ten years have often focused on the need for energy security. Now, another challenge—climate security—is emerging and it must be urgently addressed.

Climate Change & Climate Action Geopolitics & Energy Security


Mar 15, 2019

A European view: Europe, Nord Stream 2, and diversification

By Friedbert Pflüger

Preface During his 2019 State of the Union speech, President Donald Trump claimed credit for getting European NATO members to pay an additional $100 billion in military outlays to the alliance by the end of 2020. Similarly, instead of raising the specter of further sanctions on Russia that would impact European allies, the United States […]

Central Europe Eastern Europe

Friedbert Pflüger is a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Global Energy Center. He is the managing director of Pflüger International Consulting GmbH in Berlin, a professor of international relations at King’s College London, and the director of the European Centre for Energy and Resource Security (EUCERS) at King’s College. He regularly publishes on topics dealing with energy and climate policy.