South Asia Center Nonresident Senior Fellow Rajan Menon writes for The National Interest on the future of China-India relations given the inauguration of new Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi:
Narendra Modi has taken the helm in New Delhi—and with the freedom of action provided by a parliamentary majority unmatched in India for three decades. So what sort of policy will he pursue toward China?
The question is worth exploring for several reasons.
Modi is an ardent nationalist who believes that India is destined to become a great power and has chided previous Indian governments for supineness toward Beijing. Moreover, India and China are longtime adversaries. The mutual professions of brotherly love in the 1950s proved short-lived, and the 1962 war was a humiliating debacle for New Delhi. In India’s national security establishment, and the country more generally, China is considered the principal threat.