Canada

  • NATO Summit Special Series: Canada

    Because Canada is far away from the two biggest threats facing NATO, Russia and the Middle East, the concern in Ottawa is probably less focused on what NATO should do, but more on what NATO will ask of Canada.
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  • Could Joint Strike Fighters Really Be a Low-Cost Option?

    If they could just control enough drones, perhaps F-35s could make war affordable again.

    The Danish fighter competition is over, it would seem, as the parliament has officially approved a program for 27 F-35 Lightning IIs. As I noted last week, the purchase price remains indeterminate, so the Danish Defense Ministry may be seriously unprepared for the final bill, if it’s really taking seriously the source-selection team’s calculations. As I wrote earlier this week, it's hard to see how F-35As will cost to procure and fly than F-18Es. In Canada, the Trudeau Government seems sharply opposed to the F-35, strongly preferring the F-18E, and largely on cost. In the long run, though, it’s just possible that pursuit of the Joint Strike Fighter could be a low-cost option for air forces. Seriously—read on.

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  • ‘Competitiveness Heavily Depends Upon Price’

    The Danish fighter jet procurement decision requires further explanation.  

    Up front, the Danish Ministry of Defense seemed to have done it all right. In choosing a replacement for the Royal Danish Air Force’s F-16s, the ministry received bids from Eurofighter for the Typhoon, Boeing for the F-18E and -F Super Hornet, and Lockheed Martin for the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter. The members of the selection team set baseline requirements and trade-off criteria in strategic, military, economic, and industrial respects. They hired Deloitte, RAND, Qinetic, and local firm Vorderman Consulting to build formal models addressing costs, capabilities, risks, and industrial benefits. The resulting figures, however, were wholly unexpected. The Danish MoD should provide some further explanation, and not just to the Danish people and parliament. For a transparent outcome to this process may matter in North America as well.

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  • Will Any More European Powers Contribute to NATO’s Eastern Force?

    Now that the U.S. is only sending one—not two—battalions for the alliance military force on the eastern flank, there is a big question regarding which country will fill the void.
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  • Contributions to NATO More Than Just Budgetary, says Canada's Defense Minister

    NATO member states’ defense expenditure must be measured in much more than just budgetary terms, Canada’s Defense Minister, Harjit Sajjan, said on May 12.

    “We had 158 soldiers who died, sacrificed, in Afghanistan. This is a contribution that we made,” Sajjan, a veteran of the Afghan war, said in a brief interaction with journalists at the Atlantic Council.

    “Contributions should be measured in many different ways, but having said that, we will be looking at our spending priorities and the defense review will give us the answers,” he added, referring to the defense review—the first for Canadian Armed Forces since 1994—that has been ordered by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. The review, which will include feedback from the public and analysts, is expected to be unveiled in early 2017.

    Sajjan’s comments come amid growing calls for all NATO member states to meet the goal of spending two percent of their GDP on defense. At present, only five of the twenty-eight member states meet that goal. Canada spends one percent of its GDP on defense.

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  • Private Strategy Session with H.E. Harjit Singh Sajjan

    On May 12, 2016 the Atlantic Council hosted a private strategy session with Canada’s Minister of National Defense, Harjit Singh Sajjan. The event convened a small group of distinguished experts to offer insights and analysis into key security challenges, including Russia, the new security landscape in Europe, and security threats to North America. The Minister also outlined his perspective on a range of emerging national security challenges, touching on homegrown extremists, cyber threats, and interagency collaboration.

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  • TTIP & Trade in Action - April 6, 2016

    From April 15 - 17 the IMF and World Bank will host their annual Spring Meetings. Look at this years agenda here. The Atlantic Council's Global Business & Economics Program hosts several events in the context of the Spring Meetings- Check out the "Upcoming Event" section below or stay tuned on twitter @TTIPAction.

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  • United States and Canada Must Jointly Develop North American Energy Market

    Falling oil prices are a major challenge for oil revenue-dependent markets, including Venezuela, Russia, and Iran. But closer to the United States, Canada, which is heavily dependent on oil exports, is also suffering.

    Estimated Canadian oil reserves sit at 172 billion barrels. Russia, in comparison, only has approximately eighty billion barrels in reserves.

    Most of Canadian oil is trapped in oil sands—a combination of clay, sand, and water, soaked in bitumen, a heavy black viscous oil. It is impossible to produce and transport oil from these locales without special treatment, which requires expensive industrial infrastructure to implement. Economies of scale make these projects profitable above $50 per barrel. Alberta’s oil industry thrives—but only as long as oil prices remain high.  

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  • Cohen Quoted by Forbes Russia on Canada Oil Sands in Crisis


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  • NATO Warned of Vulnerability to Moscow in Eastern Europe

    A chorus of voices across Nato is warning that the alliance cannot defend Europe’s eastern border against an increasingly aggressive Russia.
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