Read the Issue Brief (PDF)
- Opposing militias are battling for the control of Libya among the worst violence since the fall of the Qadhafi regime in 2011; a civil war which may continue for years has begun
- The Libyan government's mistakes early during the transition process after the fall of Qadhafi included delegation of policing authority to newly formed militias whose members were bound by allegiance to clan, city, or region rather than the newly formed government
- The civil war is increasingly taking the form of casts of many ethnic and sectarian factions
- After the 2011 revolt, the economy went into a tailspin, but surged in 2012 as oil and natural gas exports and commensurate GDP growth resumed; but failed governance in late 2012 caused energy sector exports to plummet
- Since mid-2013, GDP declined by almost 10%, and the government's current account is almost in negative territory, infrastructure investment has ground to a halt, and government payrolls are at risk
- Stabilization efforts will most likely be led by military forces from the nearby and broader regionâ€”Algeria, Egypt, and United Arab Emirates, with material assistance and logistical advice provided by NATO and the US
- The stabilization of Libya is critical, however, to regional states' national interests as the conflict can easily spill into nearby Tunisia, Egypt, Niger, Algeria, and Mali.
Co-authored by the Arsht Center's Senior Nonresident Energy Fellow and former US State Department Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs, David Goldwyn, NEW report reviews the implementing legislation for the energy reforms signed by President PeĂ±a Nieto on August 11, 2014. It concludes that the reforms seek to increase investment in Mexico's hydrocarbons sector and boost oil and gas production levels, and also present ample investment opportunities in the pipeline or midstream infrastructure that will bring natural gas to and throughout Mexico. "Natural gas is the lynchpin of the energy reform", said Goldwyn, "The key to delivering lower cost and more reliable electric power to Mexico is increasing access to natural gas first by pipeline from the U.S., and then over time from indigenous production."
Read the Report (PDF)
Energy Reform Fact Sheet (PDF)
It is the topic of endless Washington think tank meetings: What are China's intentions? There are concerns that China's assertive maritime behavior seeks to subtly change the status quo through small, incremental steps, and in the process, erode US credibility in the region.
Abdulrahman Dadam, president of the Free Aleppo Governorate Council, wrote an impassioned plea for a U.S./NATO no fly zone to protect his historic city from both the Islamic State (IS) and the regime of Bashar al-Assad and establish a safe corridor from Turkey for humanitarian aid.
Read the full report (PDF)
Read the Issue Brief (PDF)
But with Islamic State militants (ISIS) terrifyingly close to the Kurdish capital, Irbil, and 40,000 members of a religious minority facing death on a mountaintop, Obama decided to deploy a limited amount of U.S. airpower in a country where U.S. combat operations supposedly ended four years ago.
Iraq has now become Obama's war, too, if to a lesser extent than his three predecessors.
Two missiles fired by a U.S.-supplied Israeli F-16 collapsed their one-story house in the Rafah refugee camp, killing Asmaa's uncle, Ismail, his wife, Khadra, their two sons, Wael and Mohammed, their two daughters, Hanadi and Asmaa, and Wael's three children, Ismail, Malik and Mustafa, the last only 24 days old. According to my colleague, none of them were members of Hamas or any other Palestinian political faction.
It is easy to be cynical about this latest orgy of Middle Eastern violence. Why single out nine deaths when more than 1,800 other Palestinians â€“ and more than 60 Israelis â€“ also died in the last month, and scores of noncombatants are still perishing every day in Syria, Iraq and Libya?