Russia’s military modernization and aggressive behavior continues to threaten the security of NATO’s frontline Allies, the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Russia’s proximity to these states and their distance from other NATO Allies presents the Alliance with a fundamental problem: if a crisis were to erupt with little warning in the Baltic States, NATO reinforcements may not be able to arrive quickly enough to stop a rapid Russian advance. At the same time, the Baltic States’ small size and relatively small budgets limit the level of defense investments they can make. How then, can the Baltic States put their resources to best use to defend their territory and deter Russia?

Issue Brief

Jun 27, 2019

The Melians’ revenge

By Dr. T.X. Hammes

How can small, frontline, European states defend against Russia? Emerging, high-tech, and low cost systems can provide the answer.

Drones NATO

In “The Melians’ Revenge” Dr. T.X. Hammes advocates for a novel approach to defense investment in the Baltic States, harnessing emerging technologies such as small drones, 3D printing, and artificial intelligence to improve deterrence on the Alliance’s eastern flank. Dr. Hammes presents SCSS’s new publication, “The Melians’ Revenge: How Small, Frontline, European States Can Employ Emerging Technology to Defend Against Russia”. Dr. Hammes is joined by a panel of experts to discuss how these technologies can be employed to deter and how they can fit into NATO’s strategy for defending the Baltic States.