On September 16, 2022, twenty-two-year-old Mahsa Jina Amini died in police custody after she was arrested by the so-called morality police in Tehran for allegedly violating mandatory hijab. Shortly after, tens of thousands of Iranians took to the streets to protest her death and call for the Islamic Republic’s demise. These protests spread across all of Iran’s thirty-one provinces, giving birth to a new movement in the country.

This page aims to take stock of the ongoing protest movement against the clerical establishment and provide insights into the lasting impact of these events on Iran’s sociopolitical fabric.


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Through our Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East and Scowcroft Middle East Security Initiative, the Atlantic Council works with allies and partners in Europe and the wider Middle East to protect US interests, build peace and security, and unlock the human potential of the region.