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Decade-old geopolitical transformations have impacted the Middle East and North Africa’s (MENA) efforts to implement socioeconomic reforms. More recently, the Ukraine war’s reverberations are also likely to affect the MENA countries’ paths towards such reforms. In this context, what different trajectories and approaches have North African and Gulf establishments adopted so far? In which areas have regional governments focused their reform efforts? How is the increasing great power competition influencing the Gulf countries’ chance to strengthen socioeconomic conditions and enhance institutions for good governance at the domestic level? Will Algeria be able to turn the high oil revenues into an opportunity for reforming its energy sector? Will Tunisian President Kais Saied succeed in implementing the necessary reforms to prevent the country’s economic collapse while avoiding the risk of escalating social tensions? What are the effects of the massive infrastructure projects undertaken by President el-Sisi on the Egyptian socioeconomic fabric?
This Dossier is a joint effort by Atlantic Council’s North Africa Program and the Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI). It builds on the first one launched in July 2022, which examines the United States’ future role in the MENA and how international actors fit into the shifting geopolitical order within the region.
Karim Mezran is director of the North Africa Initiative and resident senior fellow with the Rafik Hariri Center and Middle East Programs at the Atlantic Council.
Valeria Talbot is a Senior Research Fellow and Co-Head of ISPI’s Middle East and North Africa Centre, in charge of Middle East Studies.
Middle East Programs
Through our Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East and Scowcroft Middle East Security Initiative, the Atlantic Council works with allies and partners in Europe and the wider Middle East to protect US interests, build peace and security, and unlock the human potential of the region.
Report Oct 26, 2021
North Africa 2030: What the future holds for the region
By Frederick Kempe, Giampiero Massolo, Yahia Zoubir, Abdelkader Abderrahmane, Pietro Gagliardi, Guillaume Biganzoli, Aldo Liga, Nader Kabbani, Nejla Ben Mimoune, Hannah Abdullah, Karim Elgendy, Shlomo Roiter Jesner, Jay Mens, Armando Sanguini, Karim Mezran, and Alissa Pavia
In the last decade, several events redefined North Africa’s heterogeneous character and identity. This year marks the tenth anniversary of the beginning of the Arab spring, but most of the root causes fueling the unrest remain unaddressed.
Report Dec 11, 2020
The politics of pandemics: Evolving regime-opposition dynamics in the MENA region
By Frederick Kempe, Giampiero Massolo, Karim Mezran, Annalisa Perteghella, Emadeddin Badi, Yahia Mohamed Lamine Mestek, Hafsa Halawa, Abbas Kadhim, Gawdat Bahgat, Nadereh Chamlou
The politics of pandemics: Evolving regime-opposition dynamics in the MENA region.
Report Oct 8, 2019
The MENA region: A great power competition
By Karim Mezran and Arturo Varvelli
The idea of a ‘Russian resurgence’ in the Middle East set against a perceived American withdrawal has captured the attention of policymakers and scholars alike, warranting further examination.