In the June 2023 Issue of Longitude, Forward Defense Nonresident Senior Fellow Marco Tantardini published an article on the state of the space industry work force. He noted that the average age of many employees of aerospace companies is rising closer to retirement and that there is competition from other sectors for qualified engineers.
The European Space Agency (ESA) has about 2,400 staff members and expects that by 2030 44% of its personnel will retire.
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