“Yes, at least in the short term, it seems as if ‘reality killed the cat,'” wrote Wieslander. “Already before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, France adopted a more sobering stance…The recent EU initiatives on defense tend to be complementary to NATO and draw on the particular strengths of the union, which is a step in the right direction. Pushing this further would be the creation of a solid European pillar in the alliance.”

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Related Experts: Anna Wieslander