What is OCC proliferation?
The proliferation of offensive cyber capabilities (OCC)—the combination of tools; vulnerabilities; and skills, including technical, organizational, and individual capacities used to conduct offensive cyber operations—presents an expanding set of risks to states and challenges commitments to protect openness, security, and stability in cyberspace. Offensive cyber capabilities run the gamut from sophisticated, long-term disruptions of physical infrastructure to malware used to target human rights journalists. As these capabilities continue to proliferate with increasing complexity and to new types of actors, the imperative to slow and counter their spread only strengthens. But to confront this growing menace, practitioners and policy makers must understand the processes and incentives behind it.
Dataset | November 8, 2021
By Winnona DeSombre, Lars Gjesvik, and Johann Ole Willers
This dataset, a companion to the “Surveillance technology at the fair: Proliferation of cyber capabilities in international arms markets” issue brief. It compiles data on firms that market interception/intrusion software and have attended arms fairs and the surveillance fair ISSWorld going back twenty years.
The Atlantic Council’s Cyber Statecraft Initiative, under the Digital Forensic Research Lab (DFRLab), works at the nexus of geopolitics and cybersecurity to craft strategies to help shape the conduct of statecraft and to better inform and secure users of technology.