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All in-depth research & reports

Thu, Sep 23, 2021

The special role of US nuclear weapons

The United States needs to maintain a robust, flexible, and modernized nuclear deterrent. That means that United States needs to continue with nuclear modernization, reject a no first use (NFU) policy, and examine further nuclear capabilities.

Issue Brief by Matthew Kroenig

China Defense Policy

Fri, Sep 17, 2021

Beyond the peninsula: Prospects for US-ROK regional cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

This report assesses the prospects of US-ROK regional cooperation in the Indo-Pacific under South Korea’s New Southern Policy (NSP) and US Indo-Pacific strategy, providing recommendations for policymakers in Washington and Seoul on enhancing US-ROK economic engagement outside of the Korean peninsula.

Report by Miyeon Oh

Digital Policy East Asia

Mon, Sep 13, 2021

Cyber defense across the ocean floor: The geopolitics of submarine cable security

The vast majority of intercontinental global Internet traffic—upwards of 95 percent—travels over undersea cables that run across the ocean floor. The construction of new submarine cables is a key part of the constantly changing physical topology of the Internet worldwide. However, this dependence is not matched by increased security, leaving our undersea cables—the core of the global internet—at risk.

Report by Justin Sherman

Cybersecurity Europe & Eurasia

Tue, Aug 31, 2021

Trusted connectivity: A framework for a free, open, and connected world

As democracies address the global demand for a free, open, and connected world while ensuring that local and global emissions targets are met, they need an organizing framework: the concept of “trusted connectivity.”

Issue Brief by Kaush Arha

China Cybersecurity

Thu, Aug 26, 2021

Countering ransomware: Lessons from aircraft hijacking

Ransomware has plagued organizations for more than a decade, but the last three years have experienced a surge in both the number of incidents and the ransoms demanded. To more effectively counter ransomware, the US government should develop a strategy that draws on lessons learned from addressing a surge in aircraft hijackings through the late 1960s and early 1970s.

In-Depth Research & Reports by Simon Handler, Emma Schroeder, Frances Schroeder, and Trey Herr

Cybersecurity Terrorism

Wed, Aug 4, 2021

Hezbollah blames Lebanon’s economic collapse on the United States

One year from the August 4 Beirut port explosion, Lebanon continues to free-fall into utter dysfunction as it unravels under the pressure of its worst economic crisis in decades, high rates of COVID-19 infections, an indifferent political class, and Hezbollah’s control over critical junctures of the Lebanese state.

Issue Brief by David Daoud

Americas Economy & Business

Thu, Jul 29, 2021

Xi Jinping’s politics in command economy

This issue brief examines the key role of Xi Jinping and the CCP in the development of a new strategy for state capitalism in modern China.

Issue Brief by Dexter Tiff Roberts

China East Asia

Wed, Jul 28, 2021

The security of defense trade with allies: Enhancing contact, contracts, and control in supply chains

The COVID-19 pandemic and a wave of “Buy American” policies have cast doubt on the ability of foreign suppliers to provide crucial defense goods and services to the US Department of Defense in times of crisis or conflict. Forward Defense Nonresident Senior Fellow James Hasik recommends the expansion of security of supply agreements (among other measures) to fully leverage the defense-industrial bases of US allies and partners and best support US security priorities.

Issue Brief by James Hasik

Defense Industry Defense Policy

Fri, Jul 23, 2021

A strategic framework for countering China’s human-rights violations in Xinjiang

China is engaged in a systematic campaign of repression against predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwest China, and its actions call for a coordinated response on the part of the United States and its allies.

Issue Brief by Jeffrey Cimmino

China Economic Sanctions

Mon, Jul 12, 2021

Reassessing RuNet: Russian internet isolation and implications for Russian cyber behavior

This issue brief examines recent “RuNet” developments and explores how they could elevate national security risks for the United States and Europe by changing the internet landscape in Russia and potentially shifting Russian cyber behavior.

Issue Brief by Justin Sherman

Cybersecurity Europe & Eurasia