The implications of the Taliban’s new government for Afghanistan

The Taliban pledged that they would form an inclusive government, consisting of all ethnic groups and women, with the aim to gain international legitimacy. However, the new all-male occupants of key positions in the interim cabinet have been filled by the group’s hardliners, some of whom are still part of UN and US terrorism lists and blacklists. They do not represent the diversity of Afghan society, and it appears that women are to be completely sidelined from meaningful political participation. On the other hand, the country is facing a severe humanitarian crisis parallel to a financial crisis as a result of frozen foreign reserves by Washington and the international community, who cite concerns that the Taliban cannot be trusted with that money just yet. 

Questions remain on who will deliver aid to vulnerable Afghans and, given the latest appointments, whether the Taliban be trusted to ensure the safe delivery of aid. How can the international community pressure the Taliban to respect human rights and form an inclusive government where women, various ethnic groups, and minorities are included?

The Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center, in partnership with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, recorded this panel discussion on Tuesday, September 14 to discuss what the future holds for Afghanistan amid the Taliban’s new government and recent political developments in the country.


Dr Nilofar Sakhi
Non-Resident Senior Fellow 
Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center

Rateb Noori
Chief Editor
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty’s Afghanistan Service

Moderated by

Dr Yelena Biberman
Non-Resident Senior Fellow 
Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center

The South Asia Center is the hub for the Atlantic Council’s analysis of the political, social, geographical, and cultural diversity of the region. ​At the intersection of South Asia and its geopolitics, SAC cultivates dialogue to shape policy and forge ties between the region and the global community.

RFE/RL’s mission is to promote democratic values and institutions and advance human rights by reporting the news in countries where a free press is banned by the government or not fully established.

Related Experts: Nilofar Sakhi and Yelena Biberman