Reema Hibrawi

  • The Evolution and Aspirations of Beirut's Upcoming Modern Art Museum

    The art industry in the Middle East had historically flourished in the cultural capitals of the region namelyBeirut,Baghdad,Damascus, andCairo. Over the last few decades, the arts lost their foothold in these capitals due to conflict, repression, and ongoing security threats; specifically in Read More

  • The Curious Case of Hoda Muthana: A Former ISIS Member and US Citizen

    Former ISIS members continue to emerge wanting to repatriate to their country of origin, in most cases Europe or the United States. Yet, for many countries, this poses a complex problem given the individual’s admitted involvement in a terrorist group. Many seeking repatriation are women with children that likely faced abuse and torture at the hands of the Islamic State (ISIS) militants via husbands or soldiers. Disillusioned and traumatized, they no longer want to associate with ISIS and seek to rejoin their families. However, for many, that is no longer an option.Hoda Muthana, a twenty-four year old American of Yemeni descent, born and raised in the US, is now in the spotlight. A college student living in Alabama, Hoda became...
    Read More

  • One Group's Work to Stabilize Syria

    Few major implementors currently exist in Syria developing and executing projects to rebuild the destroyed infrastructure ranging from roads, buildings, healthcare system, agriculture and irrigation systems, to the electrical grid. Though a number of reasons limit the existence of project implementors, the primary reason is the ongoing conflict and lack of stability. A lack of infrastructure is also a major barrier for entry for many implementors whose aid deliveries depend on secure roads and bridges. Despite all this, there is a major player on the ground that has implemented projects across non-government controlled parts of Syria throughout the conflict amid all the uncertainty and chaos and that is the Syria Recovery Trust Fund (SRTF).

    Read More
  • The Sticky Situation of the Final Idlib Offensive

    The final offensive in Idlib has been an ongoing discussion among Syria analysts for years. Idlib province contains opposition fighters, activists, and civilians displaced from Homs, Aleppo, Hama, and various parts of Damascus. A once tiny area with a 2011 population of 1.5 million now holds an estimated 2.6 million people that fled or were forced into Idlib as part of reconciliation agreements with the regime. Because of the regime-imposed consolidation of opposition fighters in...
    Read More
  • Amid Continued Instability, Why Are States Investing in Syria?

    As the Syrian conflict escalated, preemptive plans to rebuild the country started as early as 2012. The United Nations and IMF estimate between $100-200 billion is currently needed to bring Syria back to its pre-war GDP. However, with the central government weak and trying to reestablish its legitimacy internationally, for other countries it is also an opportunity to achieve political goals in the region. Several overlapping motivations drive certain countries to invest in Syria to gain economic positioning, to recoup trade losses, and to contain radicalized fighters.

    Read More
  • #ACInteractive: Armed Opposition Groups in Syria

    This infographic below represents data collected on armed groups in the northwestern provinces of Aleppo, Idlib, Latakia, and Hama as of May 2016. The data is compiled from the Carnegie Endowment, Carter Center, Institute for the Study of War, Clarion Project, archicivilians, and contacts in northern Syria.

    Read More
  • The Aleppo-Geneva Disconnect

    As usual, events in Aleppo portend more general crises in Syria. The recent outbreak of fighting southwest of Aleppo city is the most serious violation of the February 27 ‘cessation of hostilities’ (COH) yet, and further highlights the COH’s fundamental weaknesses and poor prospects. According to Syrian Observatory for Human Rights’ (SOHR) monitoring reports, the parties involved include the Levant Front (a broad rebel coalition), Syrian regime forces, pro-regime Shia militias, Russian air force, and the jihadist group the Nusra Front. Contested towns include Tallat al-Eis, Zitan, Khan Touman, and Zirba.

    Read More
  • Refugees without Relief in EU-Turkey Migrant Deal

    The European Union (EU) and Turkey came to an agreement on migrant travel last week with the components effective as of March 20. What the deal calls “irregular migrants” arriving to Greek islands are refugees who do not qualify or ask for asylum and are to be sent back to Turkey. For every irregular migrant sent back to Turkey, the EU will formally accept one Syrian refugee from Turkey—with an initial 72,000 Syrians by April 4—with full refugee status in Europe.
    Read More