The December issue of Longitude, an Italian magazine on foreign affairs issues, included an article by Marco Tantardini. The article discusses how the distributed relationship between European states and European Space Agency (ESA) results in a focus on industrial policy, whereas in the United States the allocation of budget by Congress to the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) is seen as a bureaucratic nonevent.

[The passing of the NASA budget] is not celebrated as a the pinnacle of NASA’s activity: it’s a normal bureaucratic proceeding needed by the agency to fulfill its duty

Marco Tantardini
Forward Defense

Forward Defense, housed within the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security, shapes the debate around the greatest military challenges facing the United States and its allies, and creates forward-looking assessments of the trends, technologies, and concepts that will define the future of warfare.

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