All in-depth research & reports

Issue Brief

Oct 15, 2021

Designing decentralized finance for financial inclusion

By Nikhil Raghuveera

The next iteration of DeFi must be developed toward an intentional vision for financial inclusion. Financial inclusion means that everyone has the tools to not only meet their daily needs, but to also build wealth for themselves, their families, and their communities. And in turn, greater financial inclusion supports more resilient and robust economies.

Digital Currencies Digital Policy


Oct 5, 2021

China Pathfinder: Annual Scorecard

By GeoEconomics Center and Rhodium Group

Over the past eight months, teams from the Atlantic Council and Rhodium Group have taken a dive into China’s economy to address a fundamental question: Is China becoming more or less like other open-market economies? 

China European Union

Issue Brief

Jul 8, 2021

Forgotten places around the world: A call for action

By Martin Mühleisen

Spatial inequality is in many ways a macro-critical issue, as it directly interferes with broader sustainable growth goals. As the new Biden administration works to develop solutions to boost rural economies, they need to ensure that all levels of government work closely together to actualize real change.

Americas Climate Change & Climate Action

Issue Brief

Jun 14, 2021

Financing the future: Measuring and reporting climate-related risks

By Barbara C. Matthews

Financial regulatory institutions around the world are exploring initiatives to expand the mandatory-disclosure framework to provide meaningful perspective on exposures to climate-related risks. However, the stakes here are high. Mismeasurement can lead to material adverse consequences for economic activity. As a result, any changes will require very careful analysis.

Climate Change & Climate Action Economy & Business


Jun 11, 2021

When sanctions violate human rights

By Peter Piatetsky and Julian Vasilkoski

Do sanctions violate human rights? Castellum.AI has developed a methodology to determine whether, and how, sanctions from particular countries violate human rights, designating Russia, Pakistan, and Turkey in that order as the biggest violators.

Economic Sanctions Human Rights

Issue Brief

Apr 6, 2021

The digital Yuan, digital Euro, and the Diem: Key issues for public debate

By Hung Tran

As momentum grows for the development of CBDCs many policy questions remain unanswered. For insights into how CBDCs may develop, it will be important to watch where the current leaders, the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) and the European Central Bank (ECB), converge and diverge.

China Digital Currencies

Issue Brief

Apr 2, 2021

Decoupling/reshoring versus dual circulation: Competing strategies for security and influences

By Hung Tran

Increasing competition between the US and China, on issues ranging from trade to technology, is leading to a bifurcation of the global economy into two systems. How do the different strategies (decoupling vs dual circulation) pursued by the US and China match up?

China Digital Policy

Issue Brief

Mar 4, 2021

It’s time to get serious about a pressure strategy to contain North Korea

By Andrea R. Mihailescu

A Biden administration North Korea Strategy should continue dialogue with Kim’s government, backed by a variety of pressure and enforcement tactics, in order to strive for the goal of arms reduction.

Arms Control Economic Sanctions

Issue Brief

Feb 25, 2021

Delist or not delist: A $2.2 trillion US-China auditing dispute

By Jeremy Mark

The economic and financial forces set in motion by the COVID-10 pandemic—global recession and ultra-loose monetary policies that have driven a cross-border search for higher yield—have contributed to a slow shift of international capital toward China’s markets. Now, intensified US-China tensions—especially the targeting of Chinese companies for delisting from US stock markets—have the potential to heighten that trend.

China Economy & Business

Issue Brief

Jan 19, 2021

How the rest of the world responds to the US-China split

By Hung Tran

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated fragmentation of the postwar world order. Its most poignant manifestation is in an intensifying competition between the United States and China for political and strategic influence. How countries respond to this split, unwelcome by most, depends on whether they see themselves as competitors to China, or as “price takers” in the international economic system.

China Digital Policy