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All in-depth research & reports

Wed, Apr 5, 2017

Back to the North

The European security environment is at its most volatile since the Cold War, and much of the friction between NATO and a newly assertive Russia can be found in the maritime domain, particularly in the Baltic Sea region. This means that NATO must once again address the role of the maritime domain in collective defense […]

Issue Brief by Magnus Nordenman

Maritime Security NATO

Wed, Feb 15, 2017

The return of the military draft

This spring, the Swedish government is expected to bring back its military draft after seven years. In this, Sweden will join its neighbor Norway, which never abolished its military draft but did make it gender-neutral last year. A third European country, Lithuania, has also reinstated the draft after abolishing it a decade ago. “The Return […]

Issue Brief by Elisabeth Braw

Europe & Eurasia NATO

Tue, Nov 15, 2016

Toward a more flexible NATO nuclear posture

Over the past decade and a half, Russia has placed an increased emphasis on nuclear weapons in its military strategy and doctrine. Moscow’s assertive “escalate-to-de-escalate” nuclear strategy poses a distinguishable threat to NATO nations, and requires greater strategic thinking about NATO’s nuclear posture. After a quarter century of reducing its reliance on nuclear weapons, NATO […]

Issue Brief by Matthew Kroenig

Europe & Eurasia NATO

Wed, Nov 2, 2016

NATO’s new frontlines

Security and deterrence in the Baltic Sea region.

Issue Brief by Elisabeth Braw

NATO Northern Europe

Wed, Oct 26, 2016

Enhancing the US-Swedish defense relationship

Security and deterrence in the Baltic Sea region.

Issue Brief by Magnus Nordenman

NATO Partnerships Northern Europe

Tue, Oct 4, 2016

A NATO strategy for security in the Black Sea region

NATO faces a worsening security environment defined by Russia’s growing willingness to challenge the West and a Europe whole, free, and at peace. In this new geo-political context the Black Sea region is one of the central friction zones between Russia and NATO. While the Alliance has recently pledged to protect its eastern flank against […]

Issue Brief by Steven Horrell

Maritime Security NATO

Tue, Jul 5, 2016

Updating NATO’s maritime strategy

On the eve of the 2016 Warsaw Summit, NATO faces a new and challenging security environment dominated by a revanchist Russia increasingly willing to challenge the West and turbulence and violence across the Mediterranean’s southern rim. In this new security environment, the maritime domains around Europe are potential friction zones and where these challenges increasingly […]


Europe & Eurasia Maritime Security

Wed, Jun 15, 2016

Brexit: What’s at stake for US security interests?

On June 23, 2016, a referendum will decide whether Britain will leave the European Union (EU) or remain a member. Britain’s departure from the EU would affect the rest of the world, because it would have implications for a broad spectrum of international concerns–very importantly, international security. For the United States, Britain remains among the […]

Bremain vs Brexit by WALTER B. SLOCOMBE

NATO Security & Defense

Fri, Jun 3, 2016

A US strategy for building defense and deterrence in the Baltic states

Since the start of the Ukraine crisis, the Baltic States have come into sharp focus as a key friction zone between a much more assertive Russia on the one hand, and the United States, NATO, and the broader transatlantic community on the other. NATO and the United States have made promising first steps to better […]


NATO Northern Europe

Fri, Jun 3, 2016

Countering Russian aggression in Eastern Europe

The past decade has witnessed a marked increase in Russian aggression and assertiveness. Many Eastern European nations, the Baltic States in particular, have recognized this disturbing and fundamental change in the European security environment and are responding both nationally and multilaterally. In “Countering Russian Aggression in Eastern Europe,” Jonathan P. Dunne, the Scowcroft Center’s US […]

Issue Brief by JONATHAN P. DUNNE

Eastern Europe NATO