Throughout 2019, Congress has launched multiple legislative efforts to halt Kremlin aggression through stronger sanctions against the Kremlin and its proxies. Bipartisan legislation has been designed to address and stymie the Kremlin’s direct and indirect involvement in foreign conflicts, attempts to interfere in elections abroad, and efforts to increase leverage and influence over European energy flows. The inclusion of Protecting Europe’s Energy Security Act of 2019 sanctions legislation in the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) paves the way for the sanctions legislation to pass by the end of the year. The 2020 NDAA includes sanctions against companies involved in building the nearly-finished Russian natural gas pipelines to Europe—Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream.

The Atlantic Council discusses the impacts of the 2020 NDAA sanctions legislation. Our distinguished panelists debate the effects of possible US sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream pipelines, the leeway the Trump Administration has in implementing the sanctions, and the likelihood of the bill passing with the sanctions language included.

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