Throughout 2019, Congress has launched multiple legislative efforts to halt Kremlin aggression through stronger sanctions against the Kremlin and its proxies. Bipartisan legislation has been designed to address and stymie the Kremlin’s direct and indirect involvement in foreign conflicts, attempts to interfere in elections abroad, and efforts to increase leverage and influence over European energy flows. The inclusion of Protecting Europe’s Energy Security Act of 2019 sanctions legislation in the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) paves the way for the sanctions legislation to pass by the end of the year. The 2020 NDAA includes sanctions against companies involved in building the nearly-finished Russian natural gas pipelines to Europe—Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream.
The Atlantic Council discusses the impacts of the 2020 NDAA sanctions legislation. Our distinguished panelists debate the effects of possible US sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream pipelines, the leeway the Trump Administration has in implementing the sanctions, and the likelihood of the bill passing with the sanctions language included.
The Impact of European Gas Dependence
Nord Stream 2
Natural gas plays an important role in Europe: It is a bridging technology for the transition of the electricity system and has significant potential. But Europe is strongly dependent on natural gas imports and Russian gas dominates Europe. The under construction Nord Stream 2 pipeline, despite its promises, poses significant risks to European energy security and independence.
UkraineAlert Apr 22, 2021
Nord Stream 2 threat: Ukraine and EU neighbors must expand border infrastructure
By Aura Sabadus
Working with Ukraine now to expand capacities on the country’s borders with the EU, irrespective of the Nord Stream 2 project’s fate, should be a priority not only for Kyiv, but also for Europe as a whole.
UkraineAlert Mar 21, 2021
Germany’s Greens vow to block Putin’s pipeline
By Diane Francis
Germany’s Greens have confirmed plans to block Russia’s Nord Stream 2 pipeline if, as expected, they form part of the new German coalition government following Bundestag elections in September 2021.