All in-depth research & reports

Mon, May 11, 2020

Trump’s JCPOA withdrawal two years on: Maximum pressure, minimum outcomes

Two years ago, US President Donald J. Trump walked into the White House Diplomatic Reception Room and announced his intention to withdraw the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The Trump administration reimposed sanctions on Iran and has adopted a policy of “maximum pressure” to compel Iran to change its behavior […]

Issue Brief by David Mortlock

Economic Sanctions Economy & Business

Mon, Mar 16, 2020

Pushing back against Russian aggression: Legislative options

US President Donald J. Trump’s administration has found it challenging to maintain a consistent position with respect to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s repression at home and aggression abroad. It may again fall to Congress to attempt to counter Russia’s election interference, already ongoing in the form of disinformation; back Ukraine as its government seeks to […]

Issue Brief by Daniel Fried & Brian O’Toole

Economic Sanctions Economy & Business

Wed, Oct 16, 2019

New risks to global financial stability

In “New Risks to Global Financial Stability” author Hung Tran, a nonresident senior fellow at the Atlantic Council’s Global Business & Economics program, assesses the global financial system weaknesses and outlines steps to promote financial stability.

In-Depth Research & Reports by Hung Tran

Economy & Business Financial Regulation
nuclear submarine and military members

Mon, Oct 14, 2019

The value of the US nuclear power complex to US national security

Based on conservative estimates of the value it provides due to human capital, dependability of the energy supply, vibrancy of the supply chain, and contributions to green power—the civilian nuclear energy industry contributes at least $42.4 billion annually to the pursuit of US national security priorities.

Issue Brief by Dr. Robert F. Ichord, Jr. and Bart Oosterveld

Economy & Business National Security

Thu, Sep 19, 2019

Secondary sanctions’ implications and the transatlantic relationship

The term secondary sanctions provokes strong reactions from allies and markets. Due to the power of the US dollar, breadth of the US market, and dominance of the US financial system, even the threat of secondary sanctions prompts many non-US companies to change their behavior to avoid the risk of such sanctions. Although this approach has furthered US policies, it has resulted in transatlantic political divergence and enhanced compliance uncertainty among private sector actors.

Issue Brief by Samantha Sultoon & Justine Walker

China Economic Sanctions

Tue, Nov 20, 2018

Global Magnitsky sanctions: Raising the human rights and anti-corruption bar

GloMag sanctions offer a targeted response to human rights violations and corruption, but have far-reaching implications for international businesses.

Issue Brief by Samantha Sultoon

Economic Sanctions

Fri, Nov 9, 2018

A road map of the re-imposed sanctions for Iran

President Trump announced on May 8, 2018 that the United States would withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran and the other P5+1 governments and re-impose nu- clear-related sanctions on Iran.

Issue Brief by David Mortlock, Nikki M. Cronin

Economic Sanctions Iran

Thu, Nov 8, 2018

US sanctions: Using a coercive and economic tool effectively

In recent years, US economic and financial sanctions have become favored tools of US power, having been deployed to address threats as disparate as human-rights abuses, Iranian nuclear proliferation, Russian aggression, transnational criminal activity, and the deteriorating situation in Venezuela. The Barack Obama administration, and the George W. Bush administration before it, used sanctions to […]

Issue Brief by David Mortlock and Brian O’Toole

Economic Sanctions

Fri, Jun 15, 2018

How to increase pressure if diplomacy with North Korea fails

The uncertain results of President Trump’s June 12 summit with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un underscore the fact that the United States needs to keep developing tools to intensify the “maximum pressure” campaign that helped bring North Korea to the negotiating table. If North Korea proves unwilling to denuclearize and diplomacy breaks down once […]

Issue Brief by Daleep Singh and Peter E. Harrell

China Korea

Mon, May 21, 2018

Secondary economic sanctions: Effective policy or risky business?

Economic sanctions have proven to be an important foreign policy tool for the Trump Administration. In less than a year, it has expanded existing economic sanctions in response to disputes with North Korea, Russia, Cuba, Iran, and Venezuela. In Secondary Economic Sanctions: Effective Policy or Risky Business, author John Forrer, senior fellow at the Atlantic […]

Issue Brief by John J. Forrer

Economy & Business