Governments and practitioners have a suite of legal tools at their disposal with which to hold state actors, state proxies, non-state actors, and affiliated entities to account for human rights violations, atrocity crimes, financial abuses, and acts of terrorism, among other offenses. However, despite their potential potency, these tools are often under-utilized.
The Atlantic Council’s Strategic Litigation Project injects fresh thinking into how governments and practitioners can apply legal tools to advance human rights and accountability around the world.
In-Depth Research & Reports
Report Oct 5, 2023
International avenues to hold the Islamic Republic of Iran accountable for human rights violations
By Lisandra Novo, Celeste Kmiotek, Elise Baker, Gissou Nia
The Islamic Republic of Iran’s discriminatory domestic legal framework and brutal suppression of dissent have left Iranians looking for international responses to their plight. This report aims to provide an overview of and recommendations relating to international avenues for accountability for atrocity crimes and human-rights violations committed in Iran.
Issue Brief Apr 19, 2023
Holding the Islamic Republic of Iran accountable for atrocity crimes
By Celeste Kmiotek, Alana Mitias, Nushin Sarkarati
Under the principle of universal jurisdiction, certain domestic justice systems allow prosecutions in national courts for crimes committed abroad, regardless of the victim’s or perpetrator’s nationality. This manual outlines the universal jurisdiction process in selected European states for those pursuing prosecutions of crimes committed by the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Issue Brief Jun 14, 2022
Attacks on hospitals from Syria to Ukraine: Improving prevention and accountability mechanisms
By Elise Baker, Gissou Nia
When Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, 2022, it soon began implementing one of its frequent—and criminal—tactics that it had already been using in its military intervention in Syria: bombing healthcare and medical facilities.
Timely Commentary & Analysis
New Atlanticist Nov 30, 2023
Putin has been accused of starving civilians as a warfare tactic. Will the ICC agree?
By Alana Mitias, Celeste Kmiotek
New evidence about Russia’s actions in Ukraine offers the ICC an opportunity to prosecute starvation as a war crime or crime against humanity affecting Ukrainians and other global victims.
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